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Table 1 reported non-union rates after internal arthrodesis of the ankle joint

From: Clinical results of resection arthrodesis by triangular external fixation for posttraumatic arthrosis of the ankle joint in 89 cases

Authors Year Non union/
All Patients
Percent
Morgan et al. [26] (1985) 5/101 5%
Breitfuß et al. [5] (1989) 0/25 0%
Myerson/Quill [29] (1990) 1/33 3%
Moeckel et al. [24] (1990) 2/40 5%
Thermann et al. [40] (1996) 2/28 7.1
Crosby et al. [10] (1996) 3/42 7.1
Rockett et al. [33] (1997) 1/14 7.1%
Monroe [25] (1999) 2/29 6.8%
Buchner/Sabo [6] (2003) 1/23 4%
All   17/345 4%