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Table 1 Characteristics of patients in the two treatment groups for the per protocol population

From: Echinacea/sage or chlorhexidine/lidocaine for treating acute sore throats: a randomized double-blind trial

  Echinacea/sage Chlorhexidine/lidocaine P value
Number of patients 69 64  
Mean age in years (SD) 41.6 (18.7) 33.8 (13.1) 0.2081
Male 23 20 > 0.8542
Total throat score at baseline (SD) 8.8 (1.5) 9.5 (1.5) 0.0041
Throat pain at baseline (100 mm VAS) (SD) 72.6 (17.9) 77.1 (19.9) 0.0491
Mean study duration (SD) 5.6 (2.1) days 6.4 (4.8) days 0.4941
Mean amount of verum used (SD) 11.7 (6.4) g 10.1 (6.9) g  
Mean amount of placebo used (SD) 7.8 (5.4) g 14.2 (10.5) g  
Blinding    
Number of patients identifying verum correctly (%) 54 (78.3) 17 (26.6)  
Number of patients identifying placebo correctly (%) 52 (75.4) 15 (23.4)  
  1. 1Wilcoxon two-sample tests
  2. 2Fisher's exact test