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Table 1 Characteristics of the population.

From: Influence of smoking and body weight on adipokines in middle aged women

  Non-obese smokers Non-obese non-smokers Obese smokers Obese non-smokers
n 25 113 31 144
Age (years) 43.7 ± 12.5 53.4 ± 13.0§§ 52.9 ± 11.6§§ 58.5 ± 8.7§
BMI (kg/m2) 22.23 ± 1.58 22.49 ± 1.79 28.39 ± 3.35*** 28.60 ± 3.17***
Waist circumference (cm) 78.6 ± 8.0 78.4 ± 7.1 95.3 ± 11.7*** 93.5 ± 9.5***
BPsys (mmHg) 113 ± 15 127 ± 19§§§ 134 ± 16§§ 139 ± 18**§§§
BPdias (mmHg) 72 ± 11 79 ± 10§§ 82 ± 8§§ 85 ± 9**§§§
Leukocytes (GPt/l) 6.50 ± 1.83*** 5.51 ± 1.32 6.21 ± 1.67 6.05 ± 1.47**
CRP# (mg/l) 2.82 2.14 2.83 2.88*
SAA (mg/l) 7.81 ± 1.26* 4.22 ± 1.48 5.35 ± 3.24 6.74 ± 4.04*
TNFα# (ng/ml) 10.54 9.80 8.91 17.81
IL-6# (ng/ml) 2.82 2.60 2.27 2.40
TG (mmol/l) 1.20 ± 0.75 1.14 ± 1.60 1.58 ± 0.74** 1.29 ± 0.64*
TC (mmol/l) 5.40 ± 0.93* 5.78 ± 1.00 5.97 ± 0.64** 5.90 ± 0.89
LDL-C (mmol/l) 3.19 ± 0.75* 3.56 ± 0.94 3.96 ± 0.67*** 3.78 ± 0.83§
HDL-C (mmol/l) 2.07 ± 0.46 2.12 ± 0.50 1.71 ± 0.44**§ 1.91 ± 0.45§§§
TSH (U/l) 2.14 ± 2.40 1.55 ± 1.00 1.63 ± 0.99 1.68 ± 1.11
HOMA 1.62 ± 0.58 2.17 ± 4.14 3.15 ± 2.18**§§ 2.98 ± 2.10**
Adiponectin (μg/ml) 16.88 ± 8.85* 20.76 ± 9.89 14.14 ± 7.68** 16.29 ± 8.01***
Leptin (ng/ml) 8.84 ± 4.92 11.49 ± 6.37 18.62 ± 13.46**§§ 22.16 ± 12.16** §§
A/L ratio 2.61 ± 1.83 2.45 ± 1.78 1.20 ± 0.86** §§ 1.14 ± 1.42***§§
  1. *P < 0.05. **P < 0.01. ***P < 0.001 vs. non-obese non-smoker; §P < 0.05. §§P < 0.01. §§§P < 0.001 vs. non-obese smoker; #median and interquartile; &reference group (see text for details).