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Table 2 Clinical practice and equipment used for resuscitation of VLBWI (absolute numbers and percent (%) in parenthesis)

From: Delivery room management of very low birth weight infants in Germany, Austria and Switzerland - a comparison of protocols

  Germany Austria Switzerland All countries Differences between countries
  N = 153 N = 11 N = 26 N = 190 p-value
Circulatory volume- and temperature control      
Late cord clamping 62/145 (43) 5/10 (50) 11/24(46) 78/179 (44) 0.879
Polyethylen foil 93/151 (62) 8/10 (80) 16/26 (62) 117/187 (63) 0.504
Head cover 126/151 (83) 7/10 (70) 19/26 (73) 152/187 (81) 0.294
Devices for pressure or volume control      
FI-bag 2/119 (2) 2/9 (22) 6/26 (23) 10/154 (6) < 0.001
SI-bag 113/136 (83) 8/9 (89) 25/26 (96) 146/171 (85) 0.215
   with PEEP valve 98/136 (72) 4/9 (44) 20/26 (77) 122/171 (71) 0.164
   with manometer 34/136 (27) 1/8 (13) 2/25 (8) 37/169 (22) 0.093
Neopuff® 56/136 (41) 8/10 (80) 5/25 (20) 69/171 (40) 0.004
Respirator 66/136 (49) 2/10 (20) 4/25 (16) 72/171 (42) 0.004
Other pressure control devices 5/136 (4) 0/10 (0) 2/25 (8) 7/171 (4) 0.459
Devices with volume control (respirator) 59/148 (40) 4/10 (40) 5/25 (20) 68/183 (37) 0.161
Devices without any pressure/volume control 1/147 (1) 0/11 (0) 2/26 (8) 3/183 (2) -
O 2 -therapy and monitoring      
Pulse oximetry 149/150 (99) 9/10 (90) 26/26 (100) 184/186 (99) -
O2-blenders 148/152 (97) 11/11 (100) 24/25 (96) 183/188 (97) 0.248
CO2-detectors 12/149 (8) 4/11 (36) 3/26 (11) 19/186 (10) 0.011
Gas heating and humidification 62/150 (41) 2/11 (18) 13/24 (54) 17/185 (42) 0.132
  1. FI-bag = flow-inflating bag; SI-bag = self-inflating bag; PEEP = positive end expiratory pressure