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Table 3 Primary target values and parameter settings (absolute numbers and percent (%) in parenthesis)

From: Delivery room management of very low birth weight infants in Germany, Austria and Switzerland - a comparison of protocols

  Germany Austria Switzerland All countries Differences between countries
  N = 153 N = 11 N = 26 N = 190 p-value
Oxygen therapy      
FiO2      
   0.21 47/147 (32) 1/11 (9) 8/25 (32) 56/183 (31)  
   0.22 - 0.5 81/147 (55) 10/11 (91) 14/25 (56) 105/183 (57) 0.241
   0.51 - 1.0 19/147 (13) 0/11 (0) 3/25 (12) 3/183 (12)  
Target SpO2      
   < 85% 21/145 (14) 1/7 (14) 8/24 (33) 30/176 (17)  
   85-90% 108/145 (74) 5/7 (71) 13/24 (54) 126/176 (72) 0.231
   > 90% 16/145 (11) 1/7 (14) 3/24 (13) 20/176 (11)  
High FiO2, taper down 31/152 (20) 2/11 (18) 2/25 (20) 38/188 (20)  
Low FiO2, taper up 12/152 (80) 9/11 (82) 20/25 (80) 150/188 (80) 0.984
Non-invasive respiratory support      
Prolonged inflations 41/148 (28) 3/11 (27) 3/25 (12) 47/184 (26) 0.248
   > 5 sec      
Starting CPAP      
   ≤ 3 cmH20 9/149 (6) 0/0 (0) 1/21 (5) 10/180 (6)  
   4-5 cmH20 114/149 (77) 6/10 (60) 19/21 (90) 139/180 (77) 0.170
   > 5 cmH20 26/149 (17) 4/10 (40) 1/21 (5) 31/180 (17)  
Invasive respiratory support      
INSURE yes 43/142 (30) 4/9 (44) 4/19 (21) 51/170 (30) 0.444
Surfactant      
   100 mg/kg 129/145 (89) 3/7 (43) 11/14 (79) 143/166 (86) 0.002
   150-200 mg/kg 16/145 (11) 4/7 (57) 3/14 (21) 23/166 (14)  
  1. FiO2 = fraction of inspired oxygen
  2. CPAP = continuous positive airway pressure
  3. INSURE = intubate, surfactant application, extubate immediately
  4. SpO2 = peripheral saturation of oxygen