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Table 5 Comparison by level of care (academic vs. non-academic clinic) in primary target values and parameter settings (absolute numbers and percent (%) in parenthesis)

From: Delivery room management of very low birth weight infants in Germany, Austria and Switzerland - a comparison of protocols

  Academic Hospital Non-Academic Hospital Differences between institutions
  N = 48 N = 142 p-value
Oxygen therapy    
FiO2    
   0.21 15/45 (33) 41/138 (30)  
   0.22 - 0.5 26/45 (58) 79/138 (57) 0.728
   0.51 - 1.0 4/45 (9) 18/138 (13)  
Target SpO2    
   < 85% 12/47 (26) 18/129 (14)  
   85-90% 34/47 (72) 92/129 (71) 0.023
   > 90% 1/47 (2) 19/129 (15)  
High FiO2, taper down 7/48 (15) 31/140 (22)  
Low FiO2, taper up 41/48 (85) 109/110 (78) 0.260
Non-invasive respiratory support    
Prolonged inflations > 5 sec 11/46 (24) 36/138 (26) 0.770
Starting CPAP    
   ≤ 3 cmH20 3/45 (7) 7/135 (5)  
   4-5 cmH20 31/45 (69) 108/135 (80) 0.288
   > 5 cmH20 11/45 (24) 20/135 (15)  
Invasive respiratory support    
INSURE yes 12/47 (26) 39/123 (32) 0.432
Surfactant    
   100 mg/kg 30/39 (77) 113/127 (89) 0.109
   150-200 mg/kg 9/39 (13) 14/127 (11)  
  1. CPAP = continuous positive airway pressure
  2. FiO2 = fraction of inspired oxygen
  3. SpO2 = peripheral saturation of oxygen
  4. INSURE = in tubate, sur factant application, e xtubate immediately