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Table 1 Characteristics of the 2,354 major trauma patients with complete data of all included variables

From: The sequential trauma score - a new instrument for the sequential mortality prediction in major trauma*

n 2,354
Characteristic Mean (± SD) or No (%)
Basic patient data (P)
Age (years) 41.6 ± 19.9
Male sex 1,741 (74.0)
Pre-existing disease 805 (34.2)
Prehospital (A)
Blunt trauma 2,264 (96.2)
Intubation rate 1,359 (57.7)
Peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2, %) 93.0 ± 8.3
Chest tube insertion rate 148 (6.3)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 119.7 ± 30.1
Pulse rate (beats/min) 94.6 ± 21.1
CCCM rate 31 (1.3)
Amount of volume substitution (ml) 1452.9 ± 942.0
GCS on-scene (points) 11.1 ± 4.5
Rate of anisocoria 384 (16.3)
Trauma Room/In hospital (B)
Oxygen saturation (SpO2, %) 97.1 ± 4.8
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 122.6 ± 28.3
Pulse rate (beats/min) 90.2 ± 19.6
Haemoglobin concentration (g/dL) 11.6 ± 2.6
Base excess -3.2 ± 4.2
Thromboplastin time (%) 77.8 ± 22.0
GCS on admission (points) 7.6 ± 5.4
Rate of anisocoria 319 (13.6)
CCCM rate 70 (3.0)
Transfusion rate 800 (34.0)
Rate of massive blood transfusion until ICU (≥ 10 PRBC) 208 (8.8)
Emergency operation rate (interruption of trauma room diagnostics) 136 (5.8)
ISS (points) 26.8 ± 13.0
NISS (points) 32.8 ± 15.4
AIS head ≥ 3 1,166 (49.5)
AIS thorax ≥ 3 1,321 (56.1)
AIS abdomen ≥ 3 476 (20.2)
AIS extremities ≥ 3 985 (41.8)
Overall mortality rate 305 (13.0)
  1. CCCM closed chest cardiac massage; GCS Glasgow Coma Scale; ICU Intensive care unit; PRBC packed red blood cells; ISS Injury severity score; NISS New injury severity score; AIS abbreviated injury scale