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Table 2 Prevalence of incontinence before pregnancy and after different modes of delivery 6 months post partum.

From: Incontinence, bladder neck mobility, and sphincter ruptures in primiparous women

  Before pregnancy
(n = 99)
Spontaneous delivery
(n = 61)
Vacuum extraction
(n = 19)
Cesarean section
(n = 19)
  prevalence prevalence p-value* prevalence p-value* prevalence p-value*
SUI 3 (3.0%) 14 (23.0%) 0.002 7 (36.8%) 0.001 0 (0%) 1.00
OAB 2 (2.0%) 7 (11.5%) 0.30 1 (5.2%) 1.00 1 (5.2%) 1.00
Anal inc. 13 (13.1%) 22 (36.1%) 0.0016 8 (42.1%) 0.007 4 (21.1%) 0.58
  1. SUI - Stress Urinary Incontinence, OAB - Overactive Bladder, * χ2 test, comparison against prevalence before pregnancy; bold numbers: significant difference with p < .05