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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of healthy controls (n = 40) and patients with NASH without (n = 50) and with vitamin supplementation (n = 7)

From: Plasma levels of vitamin E and carotenoids are decreased in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)

  Healthy controls
(n = 40)
NASH
(n = 50)
P value (different from control) NASH + vitamin supplements
(n = 7)
P-value (different from NASH)
α-Tocopherol [nmol/ml] 26.8 ± 7.9 22.4± 8.1 0.01 39.6 ± 1.5 0.0001
γ-Tocopherol [nmol/ml] 2.5 ± 0.8 2.5 ± 0.9 n.s. 3.0 ± 1.0 n.s.
Retinol [nmol/ml] 1.5 ± 1.9 1.2 ± 0.5 n.s. 1.3 ± 0.4 n.s.
Lutein [nmol/ml] 0.33 ± 0.11 0.19 ± 0.09 0.0001 0.26 ± 0.17 n.s.
Zeaxanthin [nmol/ml] 0.08 ± 0.03 0.04 ± 0.01 0.0001 0.045 ± 0.03 n.s.
Cryptoxanthin [nmol/ml] 0.13 ± 0.07 0.09 ± 0.09 n.s. (0.06) 0.12 ± 0.06 n.s.
Lycopene [nmol/ml] 0.42 ± 0.24 0.15 ± 0.16 0.001 0.50 ± 0.37 n.s. (0.07)
α-Carotene [nmol/ml] 0.06 ± 0.05 0.03 ± 0.03 0.005 0.07 ± 0.09 n.s.
β-Carotene [nmol/ml] 0.39 ± 0.26 0.25 ± 0.26 0.01 0.42 ± 0.27 0.03
Ferritin [μg/l] 96 ± 73 237 ± 293 0.007 103 ± 99 n.s.
Ts [%] 31 ± 13 34 ± 13 n.s. 34 ± 11 n.s.
Age [years] 50 ± 15 51 ± 16 n.s. 49 ± 10 n.s.
Gender [% males] 54 55 n.s. 57 n.s.
  1. Abbr.: TS -- transferrin saturation