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Table 4 Confounder identification.

From: Cancer risk in HIV-infected individuals on HAART is largely attributed to oncogenic infections and state of immunocompetence

  CD4-cells
0-50
n = 164
CD4-cells
50+
n = 1.312
Univariate
p-value
Male sex [%] 79 81 0.602
Age [years] 36 (19 - 77) 36 (16 - 85) 0.316
HCV [%] 16 21 0.124
AIDS or CD4 < 200/μl [%] 91 33 < 0.001
HBV [%] 7 4 0.056
HAART [%] 62 42 < 0.001
   3×/4× NRTI 5 7 0.327
   NNRTI 19 26  
   PI 75 64  
   Salvage 1 4  
  Cancer
n = 114
No cancer
n = 1.362
Univariate
p-value
Male sex [%] 88 80 0.048
Age [years] 39 (19 - 69) 36 (16 - 85) 0.004
HCV [%] 18 21 0.404
AIDS or CD4 < 200/μl [%] 62 33 < 0.001
HBV [%] 9 4 0.011
HAART [%]. 32 45 0.006
   3×/4× NRTI 0 7 0.255
   NNRTI 18 25  
   PI 65 65  
   Salvage 6 3  
  1. Data shown as median (range) or percent where applicable. All comparisons refer to the time of first observation. Fisher's exact test or two-sample t-test were used for statistical comparison.