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Table 7 Economic outcomes according to IIAT adequacy (deceased patients excluded from analysis)

From: Guideline-adherent initial intravenous antibiotic therapy for hospital-acquired/ventilator-associated pneumonia is clinically superior, saves lives and is cheaper than non guideline adherent therapy

Means (+/SD) Adequate IIAT according to PEG guidelines Difference p value
  Yes    
N = 92 84 -- --
Length of stay, days 23.9 28.3   
  (+/-12.9) (+/-12.7) -4.5 0.022
Duration of mechanical ventilation, hours 175 274   
  (+/-174) (+/-223) -99 0.001
Hospital costs     
Total costs, € 28,033 36,139   
  (+/-16,574) (+/-20,036) -8,106 0.006
   Total costs ward 3,062 2,918   
  (+/-3,207) (+/-3,216) 145 n.s.
   Total costs ICU 13,308 18,666   
  (+/-10,706) (+/-12,068) -5,358 0.003
Drug costs €     
   Total drug costs 4,096 4,833   
   Drug costs ward (+/-4,061) (+/-5,585) -737 n.s.
  655 622   
  (+/-1,632) (+/-1,783) 33 n.s.
   Drug costs ICU 2,083 2,372   
  (+/-2,395) (+/-2,412) -288 n.s.
  1. Costs in €.