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Table 3 Knowledge scores by signs, symptoms, and prevention of malaria in children

From: The effect of health education intervention on the home management of malaria among the caregivers of children aged under 5 years in Ogun State, Nigeria

A. Signs and symptoms of malaria fever in children
  Experimental group Control group
Pre-interventionn = 200 (%) Post-interventionn = 190 (%) Degree of change (%) P value Pre-interventionn = 200 (%) Post-interventionn = 180 (%) Degree of change (%) P value
Good 11 (5.5) 116 (61.1) 55.6 <0.001 9 (4.5) 9 (5.0) 0.5 0.66
Fair 150 (75.0) 56 (29.5) -45.4   166 (83.0) 143 (79.5) -3.8  
Poor 39 (19.5) 28 (9.4) -10.3   25 (12.5) 28 (15.5) 3.3  
Total   
B. Knowledge of signs and symptoms of malaria that will need referral (danger signs)
  Experimental group Control group
Pre-intervention n= 200 (%) Post-intervention n= 190 (%) Degree of change (%) P value Pre-intervention n= 200 (%) Post-intervention n= 180 (%) Degree of change (%) P value
Good 6 (3.0) 106 (55.8) 52.8 <0.001 6 (3.0) 5 (2.8) 0.2 0.93
Fair 114 (57.0) 70 (36.8) -20.2   132 (66.0) 116 (65.5) -0.5  
Poor 80 (40.0) 14 (7.4) -32.6   62 (31.0) 59 (31.7) -0.7  
Total   
C. Knowledge of prevention of malaria in children
  Experimental group Control group
Pre-intervention n= 200 (%) Post-intervention n =190 (%) Degree of change (%) P value Pre-intervention n= 200 (%) Post-intervention n= 180 (%) Degree of change (%) P value
Good 6 (3.0) 98 (51.6) 48.6 <0.001 4 (2.0) 4 (2.2) 0.0 0.72
Fair 12 (6.0) 65 (34.2) 28.2   44 (22.0) 46 (25.6) 3.5  
Poor 182 (91.0) 27 (14.2) -77.2   151 (75.5) 130 (72.2) -3.5