Skip to main content

Table 1 General characteristics of participants with or without metabolic syndrome a

From: Thiamine and its phosphate esters in relation to cardiometabolic risk factors in Saudi Arabs

Characteristics Control MetS P-value
N 96 140  
Gender (M/F) 69/27 97/43  
Age (yr) 49.4 ± 16.5 53.7 ± 13.3 0.03
BMI (kg/m2) 27.6 ± 6.0 31.3 ± 6.3 < 0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 81.5 ± 23.8 106.1 ± 12.5 < 0.001
Hip circumference (cm) 91.5 ± 26.8 112.1 ± 15.7 < 0.001
Sagittal abdominal diameter (cm) 22.3 ± 9.2 26.7 ± 7.1 < 0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 124.3 ± 16.8 130.0 ± 14.3 0.01
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 78.8 ± 10.5 81.0 ± 8.5 0.10
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.6 ± 0.13 1.9 ± 0.11 0.02
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.0 ± 1.1 5.3 ± 1.2 0.12
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.5 ± 1.0 3.7 ± 1.0 0.18
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.70 ± 0.29 0.63 ± 0.24 0.07
Glucose (mmol/L) 7.4 ± 1.6 9.0 ± 1.5 0.01
Thiamine (ng/ml) 3.3 ± 0.13 3.2 ± 0.16 0.88
TMP (ng/ml) 2.1 ± 1.4 2.3 ± 1.5 0.19
TDP (ng/ml) 27.4 ± 1.8 22.3 ± 2.0 0.06
Total thiamine (ng/ml) 35.0 ± 1.8 31.3 ± 2.3 0.20
Thiamine (urine) (μg/ml) 938.0 ± 170.8 947.1 ± 207.4 0.94
Albumin (serum) (g/L) 47.8 ± 5.6 46.7 ± 6.4 0.31
Albumin (urine) (mg/L) 23.8 ± 4.1 16.7 ± 3.3 0.03
Serum creatinine (mmol/L) 78.6 ± 1.2 81.7 ± 1.5 0.52
Urinary creatinine (mmol/L) 11,966.8 ± 1,008.7 9,662.9 ± 1,393.6 0.07
Calcium (mmol/L) 2.6 ± 0.51 2.6 ± 0.50 0.78
Phosphorous (mmol/L) 1.3 ± 0.36 1.4 ± 0.43 0.25
  1. Note: Data represent means ± standard deviation. Independent t-tests were done for two groups. P ≤ 0.05 was used as the significance level. aBMI body mass index, HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein, MetS metabolic syndrome, TDP thiamine diphosphate, TMP thiamine monophosphate.