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Table 2 Age- and body mass index–adjusted comparisons between normotensive and hypertensive participants a

From: Thiamine and its phosphate esters in relation to cardiometabolic risk factors in Saudi Arabs

Characteristics Normotensive Hypertensive P-value
N 117 119  
Gender (M/F) 81/36 85/34  
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 114.76 ± 8.85 137.67 ± 11.5 < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 73.6 ± 6.99 85.25 ± 7.6 < 0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.3 ± 0.03 1.4 ± 0.03 0.02
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.0 ± 1.0 5.4 ± 1.2 0.12
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.5 ± 0.10 3.7 ± 0.10 0.20
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.62 ± 0.03 0.70 ± 0.03 0.08
Glucose (mmol/L) 8.7 ± 0.41 9.9 ± 0.41 0.04
Thiamine (ng/ml) 3.4 ± 0.05 3.1 ± 0.05 0.30
TMP (ng/ml) 2.2 ± 0.04 2.3 ± 0.04 0.51
TDP (ng/ml) 27.7 ± 1.1 21.2 ± 1.1 0.01
Total thiamine (ng/ml) 35.0 ± 1.1 27.4 ± 1.1 0.02
Thiamine (urine) (μg/ml) 835.6 ± 2.0 1,049.6 ± 2.0 0.03
Albumin (serum) (g/L) 46.8 ± 0.73 47.2 ± 0.80 0.75
Albumin (urine) (mg/L) 17.3 ± 1.1 21.0 ± 1.2 0.30
Serum creatinine (mmol/L) 80.7 ± 0.20 80.6 ± 0.20 0.99
Urinary creatinine (mmol/L) 9,748.2 ± 20.0 10,774.4 ± 21.0 0.44
Calcium (mmol/L) 2.5 ± 0.47 2.7 ± 0.50 0.07
Phosphorous (mmol/L) 1.3 ± 0.41 1.5 ± 0.40 0.04
  1. Note: Data represent means ± standard deviation. Level of significance was set at P ≤ 0.05. aHDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein, TDP thiamine diphosphate, TMP thiamine monophosphate.