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Table 3 Age- and body mass index–adjusted comparisons between normoglycemic and hyperglycemic participants a

From: Thiamine and its phosphate esters in relation to cardiometabolic risk factors in Saudi Arabs

Characteristics Normoglycemic Hyperglycemic P-value
N 65 171  
Gender (M/F) 34/31 135/36  
Glucose (mmol/L) 4.6 ± 1.3 9.7 ± 1.4 < 0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.6 ± 0.06 1.9 ± 0.03 0.23
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.2 ± 0.20 5.1 ± 0.10 0.94
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.6 ± 1.0 3.6 ± 1.0 0.91
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.76 ± 0.04 0.62 ± 0.03 0.005
Thiamine (ng/ml) 3.5 ± 0.06 3.1 ± 0.04 0.14
TMP (ng/ml) 2.5 ± 0.06 2.1 ± 0.04 0.020
TDP (ng/ml) 36.2 ± 1.1 21.4 ± 1.0 < 0.001
Total thiamine (ng/ml) 41.7 ± 1.1 27.7 ± 1.0 < 0.001
Thiamine (urine) (μg/ml) 685.1 ± 3.3 1040.7 ± 2.0 0.005
Albumin (serum) (g/L) 46.2 ± 4.6 47.3 ± 6.4 0.18
Albumin (urine) (mg/L) 18.3 ± 1.2 19.2 ± 1.1 0.93
Serum creatinine (mmol/L) 78.8 ± 1.2 81.3 ± 2.0 0.68
Urine creatinine (mmol/L) 10,140.5 ± 43.9 10,261.7 ± 25.6 0.93
Calcium (mmol/L) 2.5 ± 0.08 2.6 ± 0.05 0.68
Phosphorous (mmol/L) 1.5 ± 0.07 1.4 ± 0.04 0.21
  1. Note: Data represent means ± standard deviation. Level of significance was set at P ≤ 0.05. aHDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein, TDP thiamine diphosphate, TMP thiamine monophosphate.