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Table 4 In-hospital outcome

From: Increased in-hospital mortality following severe head injury in young children: results from a nationwide trauma registry

  Age 1–3 years Age 4–6 years Age 7–10 years Age 11–14 years Age 15–17 years Adults
Overall mortality (%) 17.8* 15.6* 7.0 10.4 9.3 13.7
Mortality AIS head >5 (%) 50.9*# 52,4*# 29.6 31.6 32.6 33.4
Low disability (GOS = 5) (%) 64.4 60.6 71.5 63.3 55.4 48.0
Severe disability (GOS 2 and 3) (%) 5.0 7.0 8.3 10.7 12.4 17.3
ICU (days, survivors) 6.0 (11.7) 4.9 (6.1) 5.5 (8.5) 5.5 (7.0) 8.3 (11.4) 8.2 (10.8)
Ventilator days (survivors) 2.5 (5.2) 2.6 (5.2) 2.7 (5.2) 3.3 (6.1) 5.2 (9.3) 5.1 (9.1)
Hospital stay (days, survivors) 13.2 (16.1) 11.6 (11.8) 12.1 (10.9) 11.7 (8.0) 17.7 (23.5) 17.0 (20.8)
Sepsis (%) 2.2 3.3 0.7 2.6 6.4 5.9
MOF (%) 16.1 18.2 17.2 15.0 19.3 23.5
SMR       
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD. Differences in mortality were analysed by Chi-square test: * p = 0.001 in comparison to children >6 years, # p < 0.001 in comparison to adults