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Table 3 Outcome and surgical morbidity following liver transplantation

From: Impact of abdominal drainage systems on postoperative complication rates following liver transplantation

Parameters Group 1, n = 56 (open drain) Group 2, n = 200 (closed drain) p value (univariate) p value (multivariate)
Primary non-function 1 (2 %) 3 (1.5 %) 0.6 (ns)
Postoperative ICU stay (days) 5 (2–57) 4 (1–59) 0.4 (ns)
Postoperative hospital stay (days) 23 (11–108) 21 (13–98) 0.3 (ns)
Postoperative severe acute renal failure with dialysis 13 (23 %) 39 (19.5 %) 0.7 (ns)
Acute rejection 12 (21 %) 21 (10.5 %) 0.03 (s) 0.06 (NS)
Reoperation 31 (55 %) 82 (41 %) 0.04 (s) 0.07 (NS)
Bleeding 15 (27 %) 34 (17 %) 0.07 (ns)
Hematoma 21 (38 %) 39 (20 %) 0.005 (s) 0.042 (S)
Ascites 0 2 (1 %) 0.6 (ns)
Wound healing complication 8 (14 %) 18 (9 %) 0.2 (ns)
Neurological complication 4 (7 %) 17 (9 %) 0.5 (ns)
Hepatic artery dissection 1 (2 %) 1 (0.5 %) 0.4 (ns)
Hepatic artery thrombosis 1 (2 %) 2 (1 %) 0.5 (ns)
Portal vein thrombosis 0 2 (1 %) 0.6 (ns)
Bile duct leak 2 (3.6 %) 12 (6 %) 0.4 (ns)
Bile duct ischemia 0 1 (0.5 %) 0.6 (ns)
Bile duct stenosis 3 (5.4 %) 6 (3 %) 0.4 (ns)
Cholestasis 5 (9 %) 8 (4 %) 0.1 (ns)
  1. Values are expressed as median (range)
  2. Italic values indicate statistical significance of p value (p > 0.05)
  3. Group 1 open-circuit drainage (Easy Flow Drain), Group 2 closed-circuit drainage (Robinson Drainage System)