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Table 1 The characteristics of the patient sample at admission for those not receiving colloids vs. receiving colloids <5L/48 h vs. colloids >5L/48 h

From: Resuscitation with polymeric plasma substitutes is permissive for systemic inflammatory response syndrome and sepsis in multiply injured patients: a retrospective cohort study

At admission No colloids Colloids <5L/48 h Colloids >5L/48 h P value
Age (a) 46.9 ± 20.1 43.7 ± 19.2 37.4 ± 16.3 <0.001*
Gender (male/female) 1211/448 618/240 357/95 <0.001
AIS head 3.0 ± 2.0 2.5 ± 2.0 3.2 ± 1.9 <0.001*
AIS face 0.5 ± 1.0 0.6 ± 1.1 0.7 ± 1.1 <0.001
AIS thorax 1.5 ± 1.7 1.7 ± 1.7 2.0 ± 1.7 <0.001*
AIS abdomen 1.0 ± 1.7 1.0 ± 1.6 1.4 ± 1.9 <0.001
AIS spine 0.7 ± 1.3 0.9 ± 1.4 0.9 ± 1.5 <0.001
AIS extremities 1.2 ± 1.4 1.5 ± 1.5 1.8 ± 1.5 <0.001*
AIS pelvis 0.5 ± 1.1 0.6 ± 1.2 0.7 ± 1.3 0.010
AIS soft tissue 0.4 ± 0.8 0.6 ± 0.8 0.6 ± 0.8 <0.001
ISS 28.1 ± 14.5 26.8 ± 13.4 33.8 ± 13.4 <0.001*
NISS 38.5 ± 17.8 34.6 ± 15.1 44.1 ± 15.1 <0.001*
GCS 8.5 ± 5.5 9.8 ± 5.3 6.7 ± 5.1 <0.001*
Base excess (mEq/L) −3.9 ± 6.2 −3.3 ± 4.3 −4.9 ± 4.6 <0.001*
Lactate (mmol/L) 3.3 ± 2.9 2.7 ± 2.0 3.1 ± 2.3 <0.001*
Hematocrit (%) 33.3 ± 9.0 34.6 ± 7.4 31.8 ± 8.4 <0.001*
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 11.3 ± 4.7 11.6 ± 2.5 10.7 ± 3.0 <0.001*
Prothrombin time (%) 77.7 ± 23.5 82.0 ± 19.7 75.5 ± 21.8 <0.001*
Leukocytes (103/μL) 17.8 ± 5.6 13.4 ± 5.8 13.2 ± 5.9 0.025
APACHE II 15.5 ± 9.8 12.6 ± 7.2 16.8 ± 7.4 <0.001*
Erythrocytes (U) 15.0 ± 15.0 0.8 ± 2.5 4.9 ± 10.6 <0.001*
Platelets (U) 0.6 ± 3.6 1.6 ± 5.4 9.7 ± 21.1 <0.001*
FFP (U) 0.7 ± 4.0 2.8 ± 7.2 12.5 ± 15.9 <0.001*
  1. The precise injury pattern and the baseline physiological parameters at admission are shown. GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, FFP fresh frozen plasma
  2. * ANOVA
  3. Kruskal–Wallis
  4. χ 2 Significant if P < 0.05