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Table 4 The characteristics of complications in outpatient surgery

From: Safety of outpatient anterior cervical discectomy and fusion: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Total Events with complication Complication rate (%) Complication
Adamson [16] 629 13 2.07 Dysphagia (n = 11), surgical site infection (n = 1), hematoma (n = 1)
Lied [17] 96 4 4.17 Hematoma (n = 1), dysphagia (n = 2), deterioration of neurological function (n = 1)
Liu [18] 45 0 0.00 None
Sheperd [19] 152 6 3.95 Pain (n = 2), dysphagia (n = 2), nausea (n = 1), cervical swelling (n = 1)
Shin [20] 390 0 0.00 None
Silvers [21] 50 1 2.00 Vocal paralysis (n = 1)
Stiber [22] 30 3 10.00 Dysphagia (n = 3)
Tally [23] 119 0 0.00 None
Trahan [24] 59 1 1.69 Neck swelling and difficulty breathing (n = 1)
Walid [25] 97 1 1.03 Infection (n = 1)
Wohns [26] 26 0 0.00 None