Skip to main content

Table 1 Basic cohort characteristic

From: The effects of body weight loss and gain on arterial hypertension control: an observational prospective study

  Men Women
No BMI change BMI decrease BMI increase No BMI change BMI decrease BMI increase
N 4162 (65.7%) 1489 (23.5%) 685 (10.8%) 4651 (63.8%) 1634 (22.4%) 1010 (13.8%)
Age 58.65 ± 11.85 58.25 ± 11.70 58.53 ± 11.87 63.57 ± 11.57 63.41 ± 11.02 36.36 ± 11.09
BMI 29.73 ± 3.89 30.17 ± 4.32 29.98 ± 4.95 29.11 ± 4.73 30.38 ± 4.71 29.78 ± 5.10
SBP (mmHg) 140.45 ± 15.99 140.51 ± 17.35 140.02 ± 16.57 140.50 ± 16.16 140.98 ± 17.42* 140.35 ± 16.21
SBP at 12 months (mmHg) 132.94 ± 10.48* 131.06 ± 9.72* 134.41 ± 11.58* 131.21 ± 9.70* 130.21 ± 10.48* 132.36 ± 11.49*
DBP (mmHg) 85.21 ± 8.74* 85.02 ± 9.88* 84.75 ± 7.94* 84.89 ± 9.74* 84.93 ± 9.81 83.75 ± 9.79*
DBP at 12 months (mmHg) 80.43 ± 6.81* 80.25 ± 6.9* 82,19 ± 7,0* 79.59 ± 6.8* 78.83 ± 6.7* 80.55 ± 8.0*
Creatinine (μmol/l) 82.63 ± 18.90 81.78 ± 18.42 82.53 ± 18.09 81.78 ± 17.96 82.83 ± 19.37 80.23 ± 17.58
Minimal effective doses of medication 3.89 ± 2.28 4.09 ± 2.35 4.04. ± 2.54 3.36 ± 2.28 3.89 ± 2.26 4.03 ± 2.43
Diabetes mellitus (%) 14.8 15.0 14.9 12.7 12.9 12.4
Controlled hypertension (%) 42.27 38.88 42.62 43.44 42.90 42.62
Smoking (%) 32.40 31.30 31.42 15.39 15.46 15.24
Anamnesis of stroke (%) 6.19 6.28 6.79 5.41 5.25 5.38
Anamnesis of MI (%) 10.88 10.73 10.62 5.50 5.01 5.78
BB (%) 31.83 29.50 29.93 35.10 34.13 32.80
ACEI/sartans (%) 89.83 90.42 89.70 92.03 93.00 91.72
Diuretics (%) 39.86 37.96 40.86 40.78 40.66 41.90
CCB (%) 35.69 37.75 34.10 34.37 33.25 34.21
CAH (%) 10.55 9.56 10.94 12.78 11.83 11.57
  1. Values are displayed as mean ± SD
  2. ACEI Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors; BMI body mass index (kg/m2); BB beta blockers; CAH central antihypertensives; CCB calcium channel blockers; DBP diastolic blood pressure; SBP systolic blood pressure (mmHg); MI anamnesis of myocardial infarction
  3. * Significantly different (p < 0.05) than in other cohorts by weight change using ANOVA with Tukey post hoc test for quantitative variables and Chi-square test for qualitative variables