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Table 3 Association between BMI decrease by at least 1 kg/m2 during the 1-year follow-up and the risk of uncontrolled hypertension at the end of the follow-up by logistic regression

From: The effects of body weight loss and gain on arterial hypertension control: an observational prospective study

BMI at the baseline Gender p OR 95% CI
BMI < 25 Men 0.397 0.771 0.423–1.406
Women 0.242 0.743 0.451–1.223
BMI 25–29.9 Men < 0.05 0.804 0.636–0.997
Women < 0.05 0.732 0.568–0.937
BMI ≥ 30 Men < 0.0001 0.586 0.481–0.713
Women < 0.001 0.730 0.611–0.876
  1. BMI body mass index (kg/m2); CI confidence interval; OR odds ratio of the association between BMI decrease and uncontrolled hypertension at the end of the follow-up (compared to cohorts with no significant BMI change); P probability (association assessed using binary logistic regression, age, baseline systolic and diastolic blood pressure, creatinine, and number of minimal effective doses of antihypertensive drugs at the beginning and at the end of the follow-up were included in the analysis as possible confounders)