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Table 4 Association between BMI increase by at least 1 kg/m2 during the 1-year follow-up and the risk of uncontrolled hypertension at the end of the follow-up by logistic regression

From: The effects of body weight loss and gain on arterial hypertension control: an observational prospective study

BMI at the baseline Gender p OR 95% CI
BMI < 25 Men 0.131 1.383 0. 908–2.104
Women 0.247 1.166 0.846–1.607
BMI 25–29.9 Men < 0.0001 1.901 1.463–2.470
Women < 0.0001 1.647 1.304–2.080
BMI ≥ 30 Men < 0.001 1.471 1.087–1.991
Women < 0.001 1.422 1.104–1.833
  1. BMI body mass index (kg/m2); CI confidence interval; OR odds ratio of the association between BMI increase and uncontrolled hypertension at the end of the follow-up (compared to cohorts with no significant BMI change); P probability (association assessed using binary logistic regression, age, baseline systolic and diastolic blood pressure, creatinine, and number of minimal effective doses of antihypertensive drugs at the beginning and at the end of the follow-up were included in the analysis as possible confounders)