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Table 1 Clinical data of eight patients of tubal HP with heart beaten of extrauterine pregnancy

From: Clinical analysis of 50 patients with heterotopic pregnancy after ovulation induction or embryo transfer

Case Fertilization way (embryo type and number if ET) Gestational age (days after ET or intercourse) Clinical symptoms Presentation and outcome of IUP Extrauterine pregnancy presentation Bilateral fallopian tubes EP site + treatment
1 IVF-ET (fresh 2) 26 Vaginal bleeding 5 days CRL 0.4 cm, heart beaten Left adnexal mass 5 cm, CRL 0.3 cm with heart beaten Chronic inflammation by HSG Ampullary + laparoscopy salpingectomy
2 IVF-ET (frozen 3) 39 Vaginal bleeding 18 days CRL 0.8 cm, heart beaten Right adnexal mass 3 cm, CRL 1.0 cm with heart beaten Bilateral unobstructed by HSG Ampullary + laparoscopy salpingectomy
3 IVF-ET (fresh 2) 26 Vaginal bleeding 10 days CRL 0.2 cm, heart beaten Left adnexal mass, CRL 0.2 cm with week heart beaten Right salpingectomy for EP Ampullary + laparoscopy salpingectomy
4 IVF-ET (frozen 2) 52 Lower abdominal pain 2 days CRL 3.5 cm, heart beaten Right adnexal mass 5 cm CRL 2.7 cm, with heart beaten Bilateral tubal inflammation Ampullary + laparotomy salpingectomy
5 IVF-ET (frozen 3) 23 Vaginal bleeding 6 days and abdominal pain 1 day CRL 0.4 cm, heart beaten Right adnexal mass 4 cm, CRL 0.4 cm with heart beaten Bilateral unobstructed by HSG Ampullary + laparotomy salpingectomy
6 IVF-ET (unknown) 32 Bleeding and pain 4 days CRL 0.7 cm, heart beaten Right adnexal mass, CRL 0.5 and 0.4 cm both with heart beaten Left salpingectomy and right obstructed by HSG Ampullary + laparoscopy salpingectomy
7 IVF-ET (fresh 2) 54 Asymptomatic, routine ultrasound test found CRL 3.2 CM, heart beaten Left adnexal mass 7 cm CRL 1.8 cm with heart beaten Left salpingostomy and right salpingectomy both for EP Ampullary + laparotomy salpingectomy
8 Ovulation induction + spontaneous 38 Asymptomatic, routine ultrasound test found CRL 1.9 cm, heart beaten Right adnexal mass 3 cm, yolk sac without embryonic pole Bilateral tubal unobstructed by laparoscopy hydrotubation Ampullary + laparotomy salpingectomy