Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study subjects among the anterior, medial, and posterior groups

From: A comparative study on the validity and reliability of anterior, medial, and posterior approaches for internal fixation in the repair of fractures of the coronoid process of the ulna

Subjects The anterior group (n = 73) The medial group (n = 32) The posterior group (n = 42) p* p # p &
Mean age (years) 46.4 ± 9.4 45.3 ± 8.1 44.7 ± 7.2 0.567 0.313 0.738
Gender (male/female) 46/27 25/7 30/12 0.175 0.417 0.597
Injuries site
 Left elbow joint 28 (38.36%) 10 (31.25%) 15 (35.71%) 0.486 0.843 0.806
 Right elbow joint 45 (61.64%) 22 (68.75%) 27 (64.29%)
Cause of injuries
 Exercise injuries 24 (32.88%) 9 (28.13%) 14 (33.33%) 0.321 0.921 0.581
 Falling injury 17 (23.29%) 12 (37.50%) 11 (26.19%)
 Traffic injury 32 (43.84%) 11 (34.38%) 17 (40.48%)
UCP fractures combined with elbow joint dislocation
 Yes 41 (56.16%) 13 (40.63%) 23 (54.76%) 0.203 > 0.999 0.250
 No 32 (43.84%) 19 (59.38%) 19 (45.24%)
Regan–Morrey classification
 II 47 (64.38%) 15 (46.88%) 28 (66.67%) 0.131 0.842 0.101
 III 26 (35.62%) 17 (53.13%) 14 (33.33%)
Injury to surgery (d) 4.3 ± 1.3 4.2 ± 1.7 4.1 ± 1.4 0.711 0.442 0.747
  1. UCP fracture ulnar coronoid process fracture, n number
  2. * Comparison of the medial approach and anterior median approach groups; # comparison of the posterior approach and former median approach groups; & comparison of the posterior approach and medial approach groups