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Table 3 Postoperative recovery of patients among the anterior group, the posterior group, and the medial group

From: A comparative study on the validity and reliability of anterior, medial, and posterior approaches for internal fixation in the repair of fractures of the coronoid process of the ulna

Subjects The anterior group (n = 73) The medial group (n = 32) The posterior group (n = 42) p* p # p &
Fracture healing time (week) 12.5 ± 1.3 13.5 ± 1.3 11.0 ± 1.1 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Elbow joint pain (yes/no) 19/54 15/17 10/32 0.043 0.828 0.049
Muscle weakness (yes/no) 11/62 9/23 12/30 0.175 > 0.999 > 0.999
Elbow joint flexion/extension (°) 122.2 ± 12.2 111.3 ± 9.3 129.2 ± 9.5 < 0.001 0.002 < 0.001
Forearm rotation (°) 73.4 ± 6.4 68.9 ± 6.1 82.5 ± 8.4 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
The MEPS 83.5 ± 6.3 80.5 ± 5.5 84.6 ± 7.1 0.022 0.391 0.009
  1. MEPS Mayo Elbow Performance Score, n number
  2. * Comparison between the medial approach and anterior median approach groups; # comparison between the posterior approach and former median approach groups; & comparison between the posterior approach and medial approach groups