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Table 1 Patients and VAA characteristics according to the clinical presentation

From: Visceral artery aneurysms: evolving interdisciplinary management and future role of the abdominal surgeon

N of patients Total SVAA IVAA  
42 25 17  
Age median (range) 59 (30–91) 63 (30–91) 58 (41–74) P = 0.32
Female n (%) 19 (45%) 9 (36%) 10 (59%) P = 0.15
Male n (%) 23 (55%) 16 (64%) 7 (41%)  
Diameter in cm mean (SD) 3 (± 2.1) 2.5 (± 1.5) 3.6 (± 2.5) P = 0.37
Symptoms n (%) 25 (59.5%) 25 (100%) 0 (0%)  
 Abdominal pain n (%) 8 (19%) 8 (32%) 0 (0%)  
 Intraabdominal hemorrhage n (%) 17 (40.5%) 17 (68%) 0 (0%)  
N of aneurysms 56 34 22  
 Splenic artery n (%) 18 (32%) 7 (21%) 11 (50%) P = 0.14
 Hepatic artery n (%) 13 (23%) 10 (29%) 3 (14%)  
 Superior mesenteric artery n (%) 9 (16%) 5 (15%) 4 (18%)  
 Gastroduodenalis artery n (%) 9 (16%) 7 (21%) 2 (9%)  
 Left gastric artery n (%) 4 (7%) 2 (6%) 2 (9%)  
 Celiac trunk n (%) 3 (5%) 3 (9%) 0 (0%)  
 N of true aneurysms 32 (57%) 13 (38%) 19 (86%) P = 0.0002
 N of pseudoaneurysms 21 (37.5%) 20 (59%) 1 (4%)  
 Indetermined morphology 3 (5%) 1 (3%) 2 (9%)  
Operation n (%) 11 (26%) 5 (20%) 6 (35%) P = 0.25
Intervention n (%) 29 (69%) 19 (76%) 10 (59%)  
 Coiling n (%) 23 (54.5%) 14 (56%) 9 (53%) P = 0.28
 Stenting n (%) 4 (9.5%) 4 (16%) 0 (0%)  
 Stenting + coiling n(%) 2 (5%) 1 (4%) 1 (6%)  
No operation/intervention n (%) 2 (5%) 1 (4%) 1 (6%) P = 0.76
Complications n (%) 17 (40.5%) 11 (44%) 6 (35%) P = 0.68
 Dindo 1 2 (5%) 0 (0%) 2 (12%) P = 0.15
 Dindo 2 8 (19%) 5 (20%) 3 (18%)  
 Dindo 3 5 (12%) 4 (16%) 1 (6%)  
 Dindo 4 2 (5%) 2 (8%) 0 (0%)  
Median hospital stay in days (range) 15 (1–238) 18 (1–238) 15 (2–43) P = 0.14
N of deceased patients 9 (21%) 8 (32%) 1 (6%) P = 0.043
Median follow-up in months (range) 10.5 (0–151) 11 (0–151) 10 (1–130) P = 0.28
  1. IVAA incidental visceral artery aneurysm, SVAA symptomatic visceral artery aneurism, SD standard deviation
  2. Italic values indicate statistical significance (P<0.05)