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Table 2 Patients and VAA characteristics according to the aneurysm morphology

From: Visceral artery aneurysms: evolving interdisciplinary management and future role of the abdominal surgeon

N of patients True VAA Pseudo VAA  
22 17  
Age median (range) 57 (30–79) 72 (36–91) P = 0.003
Female n (%) 12 (45.5%) 11 (65%) P = 0.52
Male n (%) 10 (55.5%) 6 (35%)  
Diameter in cm mean (SD) 3 (± 1.6) 2 (± 1.3) P = 0.10
Symptoms n (%) 8 (36%) 16 (94%) P = 0.0002
 Abdominal pain n (%) 7 (31%) 1 (6%) P < 0.0001
 Intraabdominal hemorrhage n (%) 1 (5%) 15 (88%)  
N of aneurysms 32 21  
 Splenic artery n (%) 13 (41%) 3 (14%) P = 0.046
 Hepatic artery n (%) 6 (19%) 7 (33%)  
 Superior mesenteric artery n (%) 6 (19%) 3 (14%)  
 Left gastric artery n (%) 3 (9%) 1 (5%)  
 Gastroduodenalis artery n (%) 2 (6%) 7 (33%)  
 Celiac trunk n (%) 2 (6%) 0 (0%)  
Emergency n (%) 1 (4.5%) 15 (88%) P < 0.0001
Elective n (%) 21 (95%) 2 (12%)  
Operation n (%) 5 (23%) 3 (18%) P = 0.58
Intervention n (%) 15 (68%) 14 (82%)  
 Coiling n (%) 13 (59%) 10 (59%) P = 0.51
 Stenting n (%) 1 (4.5%) 3 (18%)  
 Stenting + coiling n (%) 1 (4.5%) 1 (6%)  
No operation/intervention n (%) 2 (9%) 0 (0%) P = 0.20
Complications n (%) 8 (36%) 7 (41%) P = 0.073
 Dindo 1 n (%) 2 (9% %) 0 (0%) P = 0.25
 Dindo 2 n (%) 3 (14%) 3 (18%)  
 Dindo 3 n (%) 3 (14%) 2 (12%)  
 Dindo 4 n (%) 0 (0%) 2 (12%)  
Median hospital stay in days (range) 15 (2–43) 22 (1–238) P = 0.0028
Median follow-up in months (range) 13 (1–112) 2 (0–59) P = 0.054
N of deceased patients 2 (9%) 7 (41%) P = 0.018
  1. Three VAA could not be assigned to either group based on radiological or pathological assessments. VAA visceral artery aneurysm, SD standard deviation
  2. Italic values indicate statistical significance (P<0.05)