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Table 2 Outcomes data

From: Higher incidence of acute respiratory distress syndrome in cardiac surgical patients with elevated serum procalcitonin concentration: a prospective cohort study

 Overall population
(n = 296)
PCT elevated
(n = 64)
Control
(n = 232)
p value
1st postoperative day fluid balance (mL)672 ± 276663 ± 248727 ± 3220.051
Nt-pro-BNP (pg/mL)2699 ± 13732836 ± 14032662 ± 13650.372
PCT (ng/mL)5.63 ± 6.3416.23 ± 5.92.70 ± 1.43< 0.001*
WBC (*109/L)13.6 ± 2.213.8 ± 2.813.5 ± 2.00.532
VIS16.2 ± 9.616.0 ± 14.216.2 ± 8.00.898
P/F ratio367 ± 66334 ± 88375 ± 560.001*
Severity of ARDS   < 0.001*
 No ARDS, n (%)269 (90.9)50 (78.1)219 (94.4)< 0.001*
 Mild ARDS, n (%)19 (6.4)7 (10.9)12 (5.2)0.576
 Moderate ARDS, n (%)7 (2.4)6 (9.4)1 (0.4)< 0.001*
 Severe ARDS, n (%)1 (0.3)1 (1.6)00.864
MV duration (day)1.7 ± 1.72.6 ± 3.01.4 ± 0.90.002*
ICU stay (day)2.0 ± 2.41.7 ± 1.43.3 ± 4.3< 0.001*
Mortality, n (%)1 (0.3)1 (1.6)0 (0)0.490
Renal failure, n (%)4 (1.4)2 (3.1)2 (0.8)0.165
Pneumonia, n (%)6 (2.0)4 (6.3)2 (0.8)0.027*
  1. PCT procalcitonin, Nt-pro-BNP N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, WBC white blood cell, VIS vasoactive-inotropic score, ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome, MV mechanical ventilation
  2. p < 0.05