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Table 1 Biomarker assay specifications

From: Shock wave lithotripsy, for the treatment of kidney stones, results in changes to routine blood tests and novel biomarkers: a prospective clinical pilot-study

Biomarker ELISA assayAssay range (limits of detection)SensitivitySpecificity
NGAL0.2–10 ng/ml0.04 ng/mlNatural and recombinant human lipocalin-2
IL-1826.6–1700 pg/ml7.52 pg/mlNatural and recombinant human total IL-18
IL-63.1–300 pg/ml0.7 pg/mlNatural and recombinant human IL-6
TNF-α15.6–1000 pg/ml5.5 pg/mlNatural and recombinant human TNF-alpha
IL-107.8–500 pg/ml3.9 pg/mlNatural and recombinant human IL-10
IL-831.2–2000 pg/ml7.5 pg/mlNatural and recombinant human IL-8