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Table 2 Postoperative characteristics of patients with and without surgery-related loss of muscle quantity or quality

From: Risk factors for surgery-related muscle quantity and muscle quality loss and their impact on outcome

  Total n = 128 (100%) Muscle quantity loss n = 67 (52%) No muscle quantity loss n = 61 (48%) P-value Muscle quality loss n = 83 (65%) No muscle quality loss n = 45 (35%) P-value
Complicated postoperative course 52 (40.6%) 25 (37.3%) 27 (44.3%) 0.424 39 (47%) 13 (28,9%) 0.047
Cardiopulmonary 23 (18.0%) 10 (14.9%) 13 (21.3%) 0.347 17 (20.5%) 6 (13.3%) 0.315
Incisional SSI 8 (6.3%) 5 (7.5%) 3 (4.9%) 0.552 6 (7.2%) 2 (4.4%) 0.534
Intra-abdominal SSI 10 (7.8%) 5 (7.5%) 5 (8.2%) 0.877 8 (9.6%) 2 (4.4%) 0.296
Infectious, other 6 (4.7%) 5 (7.5%) 1 (1.6%) 0.120 1 (1.2%) 1 (2.2%) 0.658
Bacteraemia 2 (1.6%) 2 (3.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0.174 6 (7.2%) 0 (0.0%) 0.065
Bile leak (≥ ISGLS Grade B) 5 (3.9%) 1 (1.5%) 4 (6.6%) 0.140 3 (3.6%) 2 (4.4%) 0.817
DGE (grade A, B or C) 5 (3.9%) 2 (3.0%) 3 (4.9%) 0.573 4 (4.8%) 1 (2.2%) 0.469
Thromboembolic event 3 (2.3%) 1 (1.5%) 2 (3.3%) 0.505 2 (2.4%) 1 (2.2%) 0.947
Bleeding 1 (0.8%) 1 (1.5%) 0 (0.0%) 0.338 1 (1.2%) 0 (0.0%) 0.460
Single organ failure 3 (2.3%) 1 (1.5%) 2 (3.3%) 0.505 2 (2.4%) 1 (2.2%) 0.947
Other 11 (8.6%) 5 (7.5%) 6 (9.8%) 0.632 9 (10.8%) 2 (4.4%) 0.217
Clavien–Dindo ≥ 3 18 (14.1%) 9 (13.4%) 9 (14.8%) 0.830 13 (15.7%) 5 (11.1%) 0.479
Length of hospital stay, mean (SD) 9.7 (5.3) 9.4 (4.5) 10.0 (6.2) 0.522 10.3 (4.3) 8.6 (6.8) 0.084
  1. SSI surgical site infection, ISGLS International Study Group of Liver Surgery, DGE delayed gastric emptying, SD standard deviation, CT computed tomography
  2. The values given are numbers of patients unless indicated otherwise. Bold variables were considered statistically significant (P < 0.05)