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  1. This manuscript is communicated by the German AIDS Society (DAIG) http://​www.​daignet.​de. It summarizes a series of presentations and discussions during a wor...

    Authors: HJ Stellbrink, S Baldus, G Behrens, JR Bogner, T Harrer, C Hoffmann, J van Lunzen, J Münch, P Racz, C Scheller, M Stoll, K Tenner-Racz and J Rockstroh

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:1

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  2. Non-invasive breath tests can serve as valuable diagnostic tools in medicine as they can determine particular enzymatic and metabolic functions in vivo. However, methodological pitfalls have limited the actual...

    Authors: JF Lock, P Taheri, S Bauer, HG Holzhütter, M Malinowski, P Neuhaus and M Stockmann

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14:547

    Content type: Research

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  3. Hospitals have a critically important role in the management of mass causality incidents (MCI), yet there is little information to assist emergency planners. A significantly limiting factor of a hospital's cap...

    Authors: S Huber-Wagner, R Lefering, MV Kay, J Stegmaier, PN Khalil, AO Paul, P Biberthaler, W Mutschler and K-G Kanz

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14:532

    Content type: Research

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  4. Increased vascular permeability is a characteristic feature of sepsis which, in the past, has been ascribed exclusively to a malfunction of endothelial cells. However, recently it has become evident that the e...

    Authors: KF Hofmann-Kiefer, GI Kemming, D Chappell, M Flondor, H Kisch-Wedel, A Hauser, S Pallivathukal, P Conzen and M Rehm

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14:526

    Content type: Research

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  5. Numerous reports have shown the influence of renin, nitric oxide (NO) and the endothelin (ET) systems for regulation of blood pressure and renal function. Furthermore, interactions between these peptides have ...

    Authors: SW Reinhold, DC Uihlein, CA Böger, S Kloiber, K Frölich, T Bergler, B Banas, F Schweda and BK Krämer

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14:520

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. There is an unmet medical need for simplified antiretroviral therapy regimens to improve patient's compliance and quality of life. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a once-da...

    Authors: T Weberschock, P Gholam, E Hueter, K Flux and M Hartmann

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14:516

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. Although the emotion regulatory difficulties in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) are predicted to associate with impaired cardiovascular autonomic regulation, the changes of cardiac vagal regulati...

    Authors: I Tonhajzerova, I Ondrejka, M Javorka, P Adamik, Z Turianikova, V Kerna, K Javorka and A Calkovska

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):280

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  8. The aim of present study was to present the results of a case-control study focused on genetic polymorphisms of selected Phase II metabolizing enzymes (GSTM1, T1, and P1) and to investigate the association of ...

    Authors: T Matakova, M Sivonova, E Halasova, D Mistuna, A Dzian, P Berzinec, L Letkova and D Dobrota

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):275

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  9. The aim of this article is to analyze the relation between dispositional optimism and coping with chronic pain. The study seeks to define the relation between life orientation (optimism vs. pessimism) and copi...

    Authors: K Bargiel-Matusiewicz and A Krzyszkowska

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):271

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  10. Vascular injury is the main mechanism in pathophysiology of PR3-ANCA-associated vasculitis. Soluble serum thrombomodulin (sTM) is a membrane-bound receptor for thrombin expressed by vascular endothelial cells.

    Authors: K Zycinska, KA Wardyn, TM Zielonka, R Krupa and W Lukas

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):268

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  11. Bacterial and viral respiratory tract infections may trigger relapses in patients with PR3-positive vasculitis. Data have suggested that treatment with co-trimoxazole may be beneficial, because this antibiotic...

    Authors: K Zycinska, KA Wardyn, TM Zielonka, R Krupa and W Lukas

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):265

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  12. Clinical symptoms and radiological changes are useful in monitoring patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILD). Neovascularization participates in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and othe...

    Authors: TM Zielonka, U Demkow, K Zycinska, M Filewska, B Bialas, J Kus, E Radzikowska, P Remiszewski, J Szopinski, A Soszka, KA Wardyn and E Skopinska-Rozewska

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):259

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  13. Biomarkers of adipose tissue may affect glucose and lipid metabolism and present pro-inflammatory properties, thus could be involved in the pathobiochemistry of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The coexistence of...

    Authors: E Wysocka, S Cofta, S Dziegielewska, J Gozdzik, L Torlinski and H Batura-Gabryel

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):255

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  14. The mechanism responsible for the central baroreflex resetting with age are an area of limited knowledge. We previously demonstrated that in subjects aged above 50 the airway resistance did not change in respo...

    Authors: M Tafil-Klawe, JJ Klawe, P Zalewski and A Lewandowski

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):241

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  15. Free-circulating DNA is present in minute amounts in plasma of healthy individuals, whereas increased levels are found in a number of malignant pathologies including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The obj...

    Authors: A Szpechcinski, M Dancewicz, P Kopinski, J Kowalewski and J Chorostowska-Wynimko

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):237

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  16. As chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is known for poor glucocorticoid (GC) response, we hypothesized that polymorphic variants of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene might predispose for COPD and/...

    Authors: K Schwabe, G Vacca, R Dück and A Gillissen

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):210

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  17. Myrtol standardized is established in the treatment of acute and chronic bronchitis and sinusitis. It increases mucociliar clearance and has muco-secretolytic effects. Additional anti-inflammatory and antioxid...

    Authors: U Rantzsch, G Vacca, R Dück and A Gillissen

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):205

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  18. The aim of the study was to investigate whether the Gln223Arg in the leptin receptor may influence body weight, leptin concentration, and metabolic parameters in children.

    Authors: B Pyrzak, A Wisniewska, A Kucharska, M Wasik and U Demkow

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):201

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  19. The aim of the study was to investigate whether the G-174C polymorphism of the IL-6 gene is related to obesity and the incidence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) according to IDF definition in children.

    Authors: B Pyrzak, A Wisniewska, A Majcher, K Popko, M Wasik and U Demkow

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):196

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  20. The paper describes the possible role of apoptosis of T lymphocytes in asthma pathogenesis. The authors focused on resistance against Fas-mediated programed cell death and the role of Bcl-2 protein in impaired...

    Authors: O Potapinska and U Demkow

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):192

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  21. The pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by an interaction of environmental influences, particularly cigarette smoking, and genetic determinants. Given the global incre...

    Authors: S Pabst, C Pizarro Touron, A Gillissen, M Lennarz, I Tuleta, G Nickenig, D Skowasch and C Grohé

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):182

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  22. It has recently been described that circulatory and BAL regulatory T-cells (Tregs), defined as CD4+CD25highCD127low are increased in patients with active sarcoidosis compared with other interstitial lung disea...

    Authors: RM Mroz, M Korniluk, A Stasiak-Barmuta, M Ossolinska and E Chyczewska

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):165

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  23. A 61-year-old Caucasian was admitted to Department of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland for progressive muscle weakness and weight loss. Eighteen months prior to admissio...

    Authors: RM Mroz, M Korniluk and E Chyczewska

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):162

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  24. Autonomic neuropathy is common in patients suffering from end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This may in part explain the high cardiovascular mortality in these patients. Chemosensory function is involved in auto...

    Authors: C Meyer, P Schueller, J Balzer, T Lauer, R Westenfeld, P Schauerte, M Hennersdorf, S Steiner, M Kelm and T Rassaf

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):151

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  25. The aim of this article was to analyze the quality of life of children suffering from bronchial asthma and to analyze their everyday activity.

    Authors: A Trzcieniecka-Green, K Bargiel-Matusiewicz and A Wilczynska-Kwiatek

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):147

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  26. Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) contains among a large number of mediators hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as a marker of airway inflammation and oxidative stress. Similarly EBC pH also changes in respiratory diseases. ...

    Authors: E Marek, P Platen, J Volke, K Mückenhoff and W Marek

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):134

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  27. To evaluate the diagnostic value of four different tumor markers: cancer antigen 125 (CA-125), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA 21-1) and neuron specific enolase (NSE) in patients...

    Authors: P Korczynski, R Krenke, A Safianowska, K Gorska, BM Abou Chaz, M Maskey-Warzechowska, A Kondracka, J Nasilowski and R Chazan

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):128

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  28. Our previous study demonstrated that selective carotid baroreceptors activation decreases airway resistance. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of carotid baroreceptor inactivation on the ...

    Authors: JJ Klawe, M Tafil-Klawe, A Lewandowski and P Zalewski

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):126

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  29. Oxygen therapy is used for the treatment of various diseases, but prolonged exposure to high concentrations of O2 is also associated with formation of free radicals and oxidative damage.

    Authors: P Kaplan, Z Tatarkova, I Engler, A Calkovska, D Mokra, A Drgova, M Kovalska, J Lehotsky and D Dobrota

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):116

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  30. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a rare and life-threatening condition characterized by hemoptysis, dyspnoea, alveolar infiltrates on chest radiograph and various degrees of anemia. It may occur either as ...

    Authors: E Kamienska, T Urasinski, A Gawlikowska-Sroka, B Glura and A Pogorzelski

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):112

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  31. Immunophilin FKBP51 assists polypeptide folding, participates in glucocorticoid actions and may play a role in glucocorticoid resistance. FKBP51 is altered in patients with asthma, but its role in chronic obst...

    Authors: A Holownia, R M Mroz, A Kolodziejczyk, E Chyczewska and J J Braszko

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):108

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  32. Heat shock proteins assist cellular protein folding and are required for the normal activity of steroid receptors. In this study we assessed nuclear HSP90 and HSP70 proteins and mRNA levels in cells isolated f...

    Authors: A Holownia, RM Mroz, A Kielek, E Chyczewska and JJ Braszko

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):104

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  33. Impairment in cardiovascular autonomic regulation participates in the onset and maintenance of primary hypertension.

    Authors: Z Havlíceková, I Tonhajzerová, A Jurko Jr, M Jesenák, P Durdík, S Nosál, K Zelenák, M Antosová and P Bánovcin

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):101

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  34. Survivin is one of the inhibitors of the apoptosis gene family that has been implicated in both inhibition of apoptosis and mitosis regulation. p53 is one of the tumor suppressor genes; prevents tumor formatio...

    Authors: E Halasová, M Adamkov, E Kavcová, T Matáková, L Musák, D Vybohová, M Janícková, D Mistuna and A Singliar

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):97

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  35. Some studies have suggested that the polyphenolic compounds might reduce the occurrence of asthma symptoms. The aim of our experiments was to evaluate the effects of 21 days of the flavonoid Flavin7 administra...

    Authors: S Franova, M Joskova, E Novakova, K Adamicova, M Sutovska and S Nosal

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):78

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  36. In the treatment of pulmonary diseases the inhalation of aerosols plays a key role - it is the preferred route of drug delivery in asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cystic fibrosis. But,...

    Authors: A Fischer, J Stegemann, G Scheuch and R Siekmeier

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):71

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  37. According to various data, snoring may affect about 2 billion people worldwide, with about 8 million adult people in Poland being estimated to snore. Apart from being disturbing for other people, it brings abo...

    Authors: E Dzieciolowska-Baran, A Gawlikowska-Sroka and F Czerwinski

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):67

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  38. Effect of posture on the hypercapnic ventilatory response was studied on the anaesthetized rats by using rebreathing techniques in the supine and head-down positions. There were no statistically significant al...

    Authors: Zh A Donina, GA Danilova and NP Aleksandrova

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):63

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  39. Diabetic autonomic neuropathy (DAN) is one of the chronic complications of diabetes mellitus which can involve one or more organ systems. DAN without apparent symptoms is more often in childhood and adolescenc...

    Authors: M Ciljakova, J Vojtkova, P Durdik, T Turcan, M Petrikova, Z Michnova and P Banovcin

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):45

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  40. While adjuvant therapy of early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is widely accepted, literature data concerning neoadjuvant treatment provide contradictory results with both improved and unaffected sur...

    Authors: J Chorostowska-Wynimko, J Zaleska, M Chabowski, A Szpechcinski, J Zych, P Rudzinski, R Langfort, T Orlowski and K Roszkowski-Sliz

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  41. Beside neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, secondary surfactant deficiency may occur in patients with mature lungs. Recent studies revealed quantitative and qualitative changes of lung surfactant in pulmon...

    Authors: A Calkovska, D Mokra and V Calkovsky

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):38

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  42. Biphasic respiratory response to hypoxia in anesthetized animals is accompanied by changes in the EEG mostly in the low EEG frequency bands. Serotonin is a potent modulator of cortical and respiratory activity...

    Authors: K Budzinska

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):32

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  43. In utero and/or childhood environmental tobacco smoke exposure is well known to adversely affect lung function and to depreciate child's health in many ways. Fewer studies have assessed the long-term effects o...

    Authors: D Beyer, H Mitfessel and A Gillissen

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):27

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  44. Quitting smoking was associated with an undesirable weight gain. Both, cigarette smoking and obesity were accompanied by subclinical systemic inflammation. This may cause unfavourable changes in (plasma) adipo...

    Authors: S Bergmann and R Siekmeier

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):21

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  45. Exhaled nitric oxide has been proposed as a noninvasive marker of eosinophilic airway inflammation in lower airways. The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of atopy, pollen exposure, and pharmacolo...

    Authors: A Bencova, E Rozborilova and M Antosova

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  46. Asthma is a heterogeneous disease with variable symptoms especially in children. Exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) has proved to be a marker of inflammation in the airways and has become a substantial part of clinic...

    Authors: P Banovcin, M Jesenak, Z Michnova, E Babusikova, S Nosal, J Mikler, J Fabry and M Barreto

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

  47. Exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) has been suggested as a marker of airway inflammatory diseases. The level of eNO is influenced by many various factor including age, sex, menstrual cycle, exercise, food, drugs, etc....

    Authors: M Antosova, A Bencova, A Psenkova, D Herle and E Rozborilova

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2009 14(Suppl 4):6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 14 Supplement 4

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