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  1. Streptococcus suis (Ss) is a Gram-positive and anaerobic zoonotic pathogen that is susceptible to all populations and can cause meningitis, septicemia, endocarditis and arthritis in humans.

    Authors: Eryi Zhao, Daimei Wang, Na Li, Shixiong Huang, Zhongyan Zhao, Shijun Hu, Xiangying He and Guoqiang Wen

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:85

    Content type: Research

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  2. The COVID-19 pandemic has markedly impacted on cultural, political, and economic structures all over the world. Several aspects of its pathogenesis and related clinical consequences have not yet been elucidate...

    Authors: Filippo Migliorini, Ernesto Torsiello, Filippo Spiezia, Francesco Oliva, Markus Tingart and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:84

    Content type: Review

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  3. Brain abscess due to the Nocardia genus is rarely reported and it is usually found in immunocompromised patients. Treatment of Nocardia brain abscess is troublesome and requires consideration of the severity of t...

    Authors: Jiangqin Song, Lian Dong, Yan Ding and Junyang Zhou

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:83

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Previous studies have shown the association between Campylobacter species infection and that environmental factors, poor oral hygiene in particular, are linked to an increased risk of esophageal cancer (EC). Howe...

    Authors: Arisara Poosari, Thitima Nutravong, Prakasit Sa-ngiamwibool, Wises Namwat, Supaporn Chatrchaiwiwatana and Piti Ungareewittaya

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:82

    Content type: Research

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  5. Nucleus pulposus cells’ (NPCs’) degeneration is mainly responsible for the intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD), which is closely related to inflammatory response. Among the major proinflammatory factors tha...

    Authors: Cenhao Wu, Jun Ge, Ming Yang, Qi Yan, Yingjie Wang, Hao Yu, Huilin Yang and Jun Zou

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:81

    Content type: Research

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  6. It is necessary to analyze the characteristics and risk factors of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) in newborns with peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC).

    Authors: Yan Hu, Yun Ling, Yingying Ye, Lu Zhang, Xiaojing Xia, Qianwen Jiang and Fang Sun

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:80

    Content type: Research

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  7. The coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) has affected mortality worldwide. The Cox proportional hazard (CPH) model is becoming more popular in time-to-event data analysis. This study aimed to evaluate the clinic...

    Authors: Ghodsiyeh Azarkar and Freshteh Osmani

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:79

    Content type: Research

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  8. Patients with maxillofacial deformities require orthognathic surgeries to correct occlusion. The surgical procedure may lead to massive bleeding, which is associated with haematoma, respiratory obstruction, an...

    Authors: Chenyu Jin, Xiang Lv, Yu Sun and Hong Jiang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:78

    Content type: Research

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  9. Among the several complications associated with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), airway compromise is considered one of the serious life-threatening conditions and usually requires emergent trea...

    Authors: Dong-Gune Chang, Jong-Beom Park, Hong Jin Kim and Soo-Bin Park

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:77

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Current research about hemifacial microsomia (HFM) patients after distraction osteogenesis (DO) most emphasize the morphologic changes. This case report shows the outcome of DO on the upper airway of a HFM pat...

    Authors: Rongyang Wang, Shixing Xu and Ruimei Yang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:76

    Content type: Case report

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  11. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of four up/down-regulated inflammatory miRNAs and their mRNA targets in the serum samples of COVID-19 patients with different grades. Also, we investigated ...

    Authors: Reza Keikha, Seyed Mohammad Hashemi-Shahri and Ali Jebali

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:75

    Content type: Research

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  12. Shoulder dislocation and the cases of iatrogenic fractures during manual reduction are becoming increasingly common. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics, management, and patient outcom...

    Authors: Xiaohui Pan, Yong Yao, Hongyong Yan, Jun Wang, Lei Dai, Xincong Qu, Zuyi Fang, Feng Feng and Yan Zhou

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:73

    Content type: Research

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  13. Alport syndrome and C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) are rare kidney diseases, frequently responsible for familial haematuria, proteinuria, and renal impairment. With the rapid development of molecular genetic tes...

    Authors: Yin Ding, Xuanli Tang, Yuanyuan Du, Hongyu Chen, Dongrong Yu, Bin Zhu and Bohan Yuan

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:71

    Content type: Research

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  14. Sepsis is a common complication of severe wound injury and infection, with a very high mortality rate. The P2Y12 receptor inhibitor, cangrelor, is an antagonist anti-platelet drug.

    Authors: Qiancheng Luo, Rui Liu, Kaili Qu, Guorong Liu, Min Hang, Guo Chen, Lei Xu, Qinqin Jin, Dongfeng Guo and Qi Kang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:70

    Content type: Research

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  15. There is still a certain gap between the effective implementation and requirements of sepsis bundle. Our aim is to establish the clinical nursing pathway of the cluster treatment of septic shock in the Intensi...

    Authors: Chun-Xia Liu, Xian-Lei Wang, Kun Zhang, Gui-Zhen Hao, Wei-Yan Han, Yi-Qing Tian, Lan Ge and Li-Min Shen

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:69

    Content type: Research

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  16. Since the outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) began, necessary measures to prevent virus transmission and reduce mortality have been implemented, including mandatory pu...

    Authors: Omid Dadras, Seyed Ahmad Seyed Alinaghi, Amirali Karimi, Mehrzad MohsseniPour, Alireza Barzegary, Farzin Vahedi, Zahra Pashaei, Pegah Mirzapour, Amirata Fakhfouri, Ghazal Zargari, Solmaz Saeidi, Hengameh Mojdeganlou, Hajar Badri, Kowsar Qaderi, Farzane Behnezhad and Esmaeil Mehraeen

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:67

    Content type: Review

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  17. Sjögren’s syndrome is rare in children and most often secondary. It frequently affects girls and is characterized by dry eye syndrome, mouth and sometimes systemic involvement. Its diagnosis is difficult to es...

    Authors: Kaba Condé, Carlos Othon Guelngar, Mamadou Ciré Barry, Hugues Ghislain Atakla, Awada Mohamed and Fodé Abass Cissé

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:66

    Content type: Case report

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  18. One of the opportunistic pathogens which cause serious problems in the human immune system is Toxoplasma gondii, with toxoplasma encephalitis (TE) seen in patients affected by it. The treatment of these patients ...

    Authors: Sekandarpour Sina, Jafari Modrek Mohammad, Shafiei Reza, Mohammadiha Anita, Etemadi Soudabeh and Mirahmadi Hadi

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:65

    Content type: Research

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  19. Since 2011, screening maternal blood for cell-free foetal DNA (cffDNA) fragments has offered a robust clinical tool to classify pregnancy as low or high-risk for Down, Edwards, and Patau syndromes. With recent...

    Authors: Taccyanna M. Ali, Emilia Mateu-Brull, Nuria Balaguer, Camila Dantas, Haline Risso Borges, Mariana Quintans Guerra de Oliveira, Lorena Rodrigo, Inmaculada Campos-Galindo, Roser Navarro and Miguel Milán

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:64

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Differential diagnosis of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) during the COVID-19 pandemic is difficult, due to similarities in clinical and radiological presentation between COVID-19 and other ILDs on the one h...

    Authors: Gaetano Zizzo, Stefano Caruso, Elisabetta Ricchiuti, Roberto Turato, Ilario Stefani and Antonino Mazzone

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:62

    Content type: Case report

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  21. The COVID-19 pandemic occurred and rapidly spread around the world. Some online dashboards have included essential features on a world map. However, only transforming data into visualizations for countries/reg...

    Authors: Daw-Hsin Yang, Tsair-Wei Chien, Yu-Tsen Yeh, Ting-Ya Yang, Willy Chou and Ju-Kuo Lin

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:61

    Content type: Research

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  22. Listeriosis is one of the important emerging zoonotic disease affecting human health following the consumption of contaminated food of animal origin. It results in serious clinical complications in humans with...

    Authors: Kuma Diriba, Ephrem Awulachew and Kuma Diribsa

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:60

    Content type: Review

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  23. Femoral neck shortening can occur in young patients receiving internal fixation for Pauwels type II femoral neck fracture. The risk factors for neck shortening, which can affect hip function, are not clear. Th...

    Authors: Fulong Zhao, Lijuan Guo, Xuefei Wang and Yakui Zhang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:59

    Content type: Research

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  24. To determine the role of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) imaging to guide stereotactic biopsy for the diagnosis of intracranial angiitis.

    Authors: Xu Su, Liang Han, Mengxing Li, Zhengming Wang, Jiadui Gao, Yu Tian and Chao Du

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:58

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease that causes serious public health problems. This study aimed to identify Brucella strains isolated from various clinical samples by conventional and molecular methods a...

    Authors: Esra Gültekin, Muhammet Hamidullah Uyanık, Ayşe Albayrak and Selçuk Kılıç

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:57

    Content type: Research

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  26. Orthopaedic and trauma research is a gateway to better health and mobility, reflecting the ever-increasing and complex burden of musculoskeletal diseases and injuries in Germany, Europe and worldwide. Basic sc...

    Authors: Henning Madry, Susanne Grässel, Ulrich Nöth, Borna Relja, Anke Bernstein, Denitsa Docheva, Max Daniel Kauther, Jan Christoph Katthagen, Rainer Bader, Martijn van Griensven, Dieter C. Wirtz, Michael J. Raschke and Markus Huber-Lang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:56

    Content type: Review

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  27. Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is an emergent ophthalmic disease which is commonly caused by atherosclerosis, thromboembolism, and arteriospasm. Here, we report a case of CRAO which is caused by extre...

    Authors: Lanbing Zhu, Na Xu and Yan Li

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:55

    Content type: Case report

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  28. We are laryngologists. We observe natural phonatory and swallowing functions in clinical examinations with a trans-nasal laryngeal fiberscope (TNLF). Before each observation, we use epinephrine to enlarge and ...

    Authors: Koichi Tsunoda, Ko Hentona and Yoshiharu Yamanobe

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:52

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Coronavirus Disease-2019 (SARS-CoV-2) started its devastating trajectory into a global pandemic in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Ever since, several variants of SARS-CoV-2 have been identified. In the presen...

    Authors: SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Pegah Mirzapour, Omid Dadras, Zahra Pashaei, Amirali Karimi, Mehrzad MohsseniPour, Mahdi Soleymanzadeh, Alireza Barzegary, Amir Masoud Afsahi, Farzin Vahedi, Ahmadreza Shamsabadi, Farzane Behnezhad, Solmaz Saeidi, Esmaeil Mehraeen and Shayesteh Jahanfar

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:51

    Content type: Review

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  30. This study is aimed to analyze the prognostic factors affecting the short-term efficacy of non-surgical treatment of patients in periodontitis from stage II to stage IV by the multilevel modeling analysis.

    Authors: Hui-Jie Liu, Bo Wang, Ao-Chen Wang, Dan-Hong Zhang, Cui Mao and Qiu-Hong Li

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:50

    Content type: Research

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  31. Glomus tumor is an uncommon soft tissue tumor. However, as the tumor causes significant disability, its early diagnosis is essential. It involves subungual areas of fingers and toes in most cases, and its extr...

    Authors: Leila Oryadi Zanjani, Bahman Shafiee Nia, Farzad Vosoughi, Elham Mirzaian, Leila Aghaghazvini and Aidin Arabzadeh

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:49

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. Pulmonary sequestration (PS) associated with massive hemoptysis, hemothorax, and elevated tumor markers or even lung malignancy has been reported in several studies. These clinical features combined with lung ...

    Authors: Wei Luo, Tong-chen Hu, Lincheng Luo and Ya-lun Li

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:48

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  33. COVID-19 is a worldwide pandemic and has placed significant demand for acute and critical care services on hospitals in many countries.

    Authors: Saad Alhumaid, Abbas Al Mutair, Zainab Al Alawi, Khulud Al Salman, Nourah Al Dossary, Ahmed Omar, Mossa Alismail, Ali M. Al Ghazal, Mahdi Bu Jubarah, Hanan Al Shaikh, Maher M. Al Mahdi, Sarah Y. Alsabati, Dayas K. Philip, Mohammed Y. Alyousef, Abdulsatar H. Al Brahim, Maitham S. Al Athan…

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:47

    Content type: Research

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  34. While COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread worldwide, researchers have linked patterns of traits to poor disease outcomes. Risk factors for COVID-19 include asthma, elderly age, being pregnant, having any und...

    Authors: SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Mohammad Mehrtak, Mehrzad MohsseniPour, Pegah Mirzapour, Alireza Barzegary, Pedram Habibi, Banafsheh Moradmand-Badie, Amir Masoud Afsahi, Amirali Karimi, Mohammad Heydari, Esmaeil Mehraeen, Omid Dadras, Jean-Marc Sabatier and Fabricio Voltarelli

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:46

    Content type: Review

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  35. Hematological comparison of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and other viral pneumonias can provide insights into COVID-19 treatment.

    Authors: Bingke Bai, Zhe Xu, Yan Hu, Mengmeng Qu, Juan Cheng, Shengdong Luo, Zengtao Yao, Hongyan Gao, Yenv Ma, Rong Gao, Jun Hou, Shaojie Xin and Panyong Mao

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:45

    Content type: Research

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  36. Tarlov cysts are a commonly misdiagnosed condition, which can present with many rare symptoms. We report a case of a Tarlov cyst with spermatorrhea and review the pertinent literature.

    Authors: Pan Sun, Wangbing Xu, Yongxiang Ye, Faming Zhong, Xuan Wan and Yong Li

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:44

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Degeneration of the intervertebral discs are very common diseases, indicating the specific or malignant changes in intervertebral disc component, structure and function. Imaging examination is currently used t...

    Authors: Tiefang Liu, Yonghao Wang, Zhengyang Xu, Tao Wu, Xiao Zang, Meng Li and Jinfeng Li

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:43

    Content type: Research

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  38. Enchondromas originating in the epiphyses of long bones are rare and epiphyseal osteoid osteomas are also uncommon. Diagnosis can become elusive when enchondromas or osteoid osteomas occur in atypical location...

    Authors: Xuyang Cao, Qiang Ren, Xiangnan Li, Yiren Tian and Zhendong Wang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:42

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:53

  39. The clinical course of COVID-19 may vary significantly. The presence of comorbidities prolongs the recovery time. The recovery in patients with mild-to-moderate symptoms might take 10 days, while in those with...

    Authors: SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Ladan Abbasian, Mohammad Solduzian, Niloofar Ayoobi Yazdi, Fatemeh Jafari, Alireza Adibimehr, Aazam Farahani, Arezoo Salami Khaneshan, Parvaneh Ebrahimi Alavijeh, Zahra Jahani, Elnaz Karimian, Zahra Ahmadinejad, Hossein Khalili, Arash Seifi, Fereshteh Ghiasvand, Sara Ghaderkhani…

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:41

    Content type: Research

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  40. The purpose of this article is to summarize the epidemiologic characteristics and double-buffered strategy for patients in orthopedic surgery during the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, China, based on our own expe...

    Authors: Yan Zhou, Jianghua Ming and Shiqing Liu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:39

    Content type: Research

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  41. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and the consecutive multiple organ failure (MOF) are severe and dreaded complications with a high mortality in multiple trauma patients. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Julian Haupt, Niels Krysiak, Marina Unger, Viktoria Bogner-Flatz, Peter Biberthaler, Marc Hanschen, Martijn van Griensven and Alexander T. Haug

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:38

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Due to limited antibiotic options, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections are associated with high non-relapse mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). ...

    Authors: Fengqin Su, Yi Luo, Jian Yu, Jimin Shi, Yanmin Zhao, Mengni Yan, He Huang and Yamin Tan

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:37

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  43. Surgery-related loss of muscle quantity negatively affects postoperative outcomes. However, changes of muscle quality have not been fully investigated. A perioperative intervention targeting identified risk fa...

    Authors: Laura van Wijk, Stijn van Duinhoven, Mike S. L. Liem, Donald E. Bouman, Alain R. Viddeleer and Joost M. Klaase

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:36

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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