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  1. One focus in the medical care of HIV-infected patients today is cardiovascular risk reduction. Metabolic disturbances occur frequently in patients taking protease inhibitors (PI) and are a major risk factor fo...

    Authors: M Gyalrong-Steur, JR Bogner and U Seybold

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:85

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Type III Hyperlipoproteinemia is a rare lipid disorder with a frequency of 1-5 in 5000. It is characterized by the accumulation of triglyceride rich lipoproteins and patients are at increased risk of developpi...

    Authors: D Evans, A Bode, G von der Lippe, FU Beil and WA Mann

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:79

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Oxidative stress is suggested to play an important role in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The present study was aimed to compare plasma levels of antioxidants in patients suffering fr...

    Authors: A Erhardt, W Stahl, H Sies, F Lirussi, A Donner and D Häussinger

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:76

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most prevalent intraocular malignant tumor in the Western world. The prognosis of survival in the presence of metastatic disease is 2-7 months, depending on the treatment applied.

    Authors: B Brasiuniene, V Sokolovas, V Brasiunas, A Barakauskiene and K Strupas

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:71

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  5. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) is involved in skin tumorigenesis: it promotes cell viability, induces angiogenesis and stimulates invasiveness. Dobesilate is a drug that blocks the activity of FGF. The primary...

    Authors: P Cuevas, W Espinoza, C Pérez, J Angulo and C Giménez-Gallego

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:67

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. The new generation nebuliser PARI eFlow® rapid allows a highly efficient aerosol delivery at reduced inhalation time. However, lung function data during long-term use of this device are not available until now.

    Authors: S Naehrig, S Lang, H Schiffl, RM Huber and R Fischer

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:63

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. Regulatory T cells (Treg) and dendritic cells (DC) play an important role in tumor immunity and immune escape. However, their interplay and the effects of anti-cancer therapy on the human immune system are lar...

    Authors: PJ Schuler, V Börger, E Bölke, D Habermehl, C Matuschek, CA Wild, J Greve, M Bas, B Schilling, C Bergmann, S Trellakis, W Budach, T Gauler, S Brandau, S Lang, TL Whiteside…

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:57

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. Acromioclavicular joint dislocations often occur in athletic, young patients after blunt force to the shoulder. Several static and dynamic operative procedures with or without primary ligament replacement have...

    Authors: B Kienast, R Thietje, C Queitsch, J Gille, AP Schulz and J Meiners

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:52

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Ceftriaxone is commonly used as an alternative antibiotic drug in treating syphilis but clinical data on its efficacy are limited. Objective: To evaluate the response of HIV-infected patients with active syphi...

    Authors: P Spornraft-Ragaller, S Abraham, C Lueck and M Meurer

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. Modified anterior tension wiring with K-wires and cannulated lag screws with anterior tension wiring are currently the fixation of choice for patellar fractures. Failure of fixation, migration of the wires, po...

    Authors: M. Wild, S. Thelen, P. Jungbluth, M. Betsch, D. Miersch, J. Windolf and M. Hakimi

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. Glutathione-S-Transferase (GST) subtype α and π are differentially expressed in adult liver tissue. Objective of the study was if GST α and p may serve as predictive markers for liver surgery, especially trans...

    Authors: C. Jochum, M. Beste, J.-P. Sowa, M. S. Farahani, V. Penndorf, S. Nadalin, F. Saner, A. Canbay and G Gerken

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:34

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. Treatment options for patients with diffuse type gastric cancer (linitis plastica) are discussed controversial. It is sometimes discussed that these patients should be treated primarily in palliative intention...

    Authors: M. Schauer, M. Peiper, J. Theisen and W. Knoefel

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:29

    Content type: Research

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  13. Classic wound drainage is still common in hip replacement but its benefit is doubtful. The role of systemic administration of proteinase inhibitors like aprotinin to avoid perioperative blood loss is still unc...

    Authors: F. Fleischmann, C. Matuschek, K. Orth, P. A. Gerber, R. Mota, W. T. Knoefel, M. Peiper, M. Schick, M. van Griensven, E. Bdlke and W. Fleischmann

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:20

    Content type: Research

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  14. Percutaneous transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) in cryptogenic stroke is an alternative to medical therapy. There is still debate on different outcome for each currently available device. The ...

    Authors: C. Hammerstingl, G. Bauriedel, C. Stüsser, D. Momcilovic, I. Tuleta, G. Nickenig and D. Skowasch

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:13

    Content type: Research

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  15. Antibiotic-resistant organisms causing both hospital-and community-acquired complicated skin and soft-tissue infections (cSSTI) are increasingly reported. A substantial medical and economical burden associated...

    Authors: Christian Eckmann and Matthew Dryden

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:554

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  16. The epidemiology of MRSA pneumonia varies across countries. One of the most import risk factors for the development of nosocomial MRSA pneumonia is mechanical ventilation. Methicillin resistance in S. aureus vent...

    Authors: Elisabeth Meyer, Frank Schwab and Petra Gastmeier

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:514

    Content type: Review

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  17. The incidence of nosocomial pneumonia involving methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains (MRSA) is on the rise worldwide. For years, vancomycin has been used as the drug of choice in the treatment of M...

    Authors: Mathias W Pletz, Olaf Burkhardt and Tobias Welte

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:507

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  18. Cryptococcus neoformans is the most common cause of life threatening meningoencephalitis in HIV-infected patients. Diagnosis is based on tests for cryptoccocal antigen in serum and cerebrospinal fluid, and on cu...

    Authors: S Mohammad-Khani, B Otremba, R Klein, HH Capelle, F Logemann, FC Bange, RE Schmidt and M Stoll

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:504

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  19. Surveys from the USA, Australia and Spain have shown significant inter-institutional variation in delivery room (DR) management of very low birth weight infants (VLBWI, < 1500 g) at birth, despite regularly up...

    Authors: CC Roehr, S Gröbe, M Rüdiger, H Hummler, M Nelle, H Proquitté, H Hammer and G Schmalisch

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:493

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. The biodegradability of root canal sealers in areas other than the root canal system is crucial to the overall success rate of endodontic treatment. The aim of the present study was to investigate, the cell an...

    Authors: S Ghanaati, I Willershausen, M Barbeck, RE Unger, M Joergens, RA Sader, CJ Kirkpatrick and B Willershausen

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:483

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. The histopathology of periodontal ligament of the mouse subjected to mechanical stress was studied. Immunohistochemical expressions of HSP27 and pHSP27 were examined. Experimental animals using the maxillary m...

    Authors: R Muraoka, K Nakano, S Kurihara, K Yamada and T Kawakami

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:475

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. Activation of hedgehog (Hh) pathway has been implicated in the development of human malignancies. Hh as well as related downstream target genes has been extensively studied in many kinds of malignant tumours f...

    Authors: Ying-Cun Li, Yu-Hua Deng, Zhen-Hua Guo, Ming-Man Zhang, Jin Zhu, Chon-Lun Pu, Chun-Ping Xiang and Chun-Bao Guo

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:468

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Processes of restenosis, following arterial injury, are complex involving different cell types producing various cytokines and enzymes. Among those enzymes, smooth muscle cell-derived matrix metalloproteinases...

    Authors: MR Preusch, A Vanakaris, F Bea, N Ieronimakis, T Shimizu, M Konstandin, S Morris-Rosenfeld, C Albrecht, A Kranzhöfer, HA Katus, E Blessing and R Kranzhöfer

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:461

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Over 70-95% patients with PR3 ANCA pulmonary vasculitis present with upper respiratory tract symptoms or sings. Nasal cavity usually presents with obstruction and chronic refractory infections (rhinosinusitis)...

    Authors: K. Zycinska, K. A. Wardyn, E. Piotrowska, T. M. Zielonka, H. Zycinski, A. Bogaczewicz, A. Nitsch-Osuch, M. Miskiewicz and R. Smolarczyk

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):241

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  25. Nitration of tyrosine and tyrosine-containing proteins and their roles in pathophysiology have just recently been reviewed. Despite low yields of tyrosine modifications, nitration of tyrosine residues may inac...

    Authors: D. Weiner, E. V. Khankin, Y. Levy, D. Aizenbud and A. Z. Reznick

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):211

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  26. During pregnancy, especially during its third trimester, most pregnant women reported respiratory discomfort (dyspnea), despite the absence of previously coexisting respiratory illnesses. The aim of this study...

    Authors: T. Sroczynski, A. Gawlikowska-Sroka, E. Dzieciolowska-Baran and I. Poziomkowska-Gesicka

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):189

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  27. The European Directive 98/79/EC for in vitro diagnostic medical devices (IVD) regulates marketing and post marketing surveillance of IVD in the European Economic Area. Manufacturers have to inform the responsible...

    Authors: R. Siekmeier, K. Lisson and D. Wetzel

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):175

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  28. Type 2 diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are diseases with high prevalence and major public health impact. There is evidence that regular snoring and OSA are independently associated with alterations ...

    Authors: K. Rasche, T. Keller, B. Tautz, C. Hader, G. Hergenç, J. Antosiewicz, C. Di Giulio and M. Pokorski

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):152

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  29. The development of obesity and related disorders, e.g., type II diabetes (T2D), hypertension, and metabolic disturbances is strongly related to increased levels in proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1, IL-6, and TN...

    Authors: K. Popko, E. Gorska, A. Stelmaszczyk-Emmel, R. Plywaczewski, A. Stoklosa, D. Gorecka, B. Pyrzak and U. Demkow

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):120

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  30. Coping with stress plays a vital role in the adjustment of adolescents with diabetes. The majority of studies in this area leave out the control group, limiting their power to make inferences about specificity vs

    Authors: E. Pisula and Z. Czaplinska

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):115

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  31. To assess the incidence of Chlamydia pneumoniae respiratory tract infection in children and adolescents in the Lower Silesia Region in Poland in 2009.

    Authors: I. Choroszy-Krol, I. M. Frej-Madrzak, D. Teryks-Wolyniec, A. Jama-Kmiecik, G. Gosciniak, I. Pirogowicz and M. Pokorski

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):112

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  32. Children and young adults are more susceptible to pandemic A/H1N1v infection than older people. There are some publications concerning the course of the pandemic influenza among pediatric population but mostly...

    Authors: A. Nitsch-Osuch, E. Kuchar, E. Gyrczuk, A. Topczewska-Cabanek, K. Zycinska and K. Wardyn

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):105

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  33. Influenza is a considerable health problem all over the world. The most important group for influenza vaccination are children: the highest attack rate during community out-breaks of influenza can be found amo...

    Authors: A. Nitsch-Osuch, E. Kuchar, K. Zycinska, A. Topczewska-Cabanek, E. Gyrczuk and K. Wardyn

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):102

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  34. A twenty eight-year-old male presented with a two week history of dyspnea, cough, hemoptysis, chest pain, and fever 38-39°C. He also complained of loss of appetite, general weakness and left leg pain for two m...

    Authors: R. M. Mroz, M. Korniluk, E. Swidzinska, J. Dzieciol, J. Czaban, B. Panek and E. Chyczewska

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):95

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  35. A fifty-year-old female presented with a one month history of progressive dyspnea, productive cough, pain of elbows and knees, and 40°C fever despite antibiotic treatment. She has been diagnosed of bronchial a...

    Authors: R. M. Mroz, M. Korniluk, E. Swidzinska and E. Chyczewska

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):92

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  36. Angiogenesis occurs under physiological and pathological conditions and is regulated by cytokines and growth factors. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a multifunctional angiogenic cytokine that pla...

    Authors: E. Mierzwinska-Nastalska, L. Lomzynski, M. Jaworska-Zaremba and J. Kostrzewa-Janicka

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):88

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  37. In the years 2007-2010 in the Department of Lung Diseases and Tuberculosis, Medical University of Silesia, 86 patients fulfilling ISHLT criteria qualified for lung transplantation.

    Authors: W. Lutogniewska, D. Jastrzebski, J. Wyrwol, B. Ksiazek, M. Ochman, K. Kowalski, A. Margas, P. Kubicki and J. Kozielski

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):76

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  38. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is one of the basic antigens involved in immune responses regulation associated with autoimmune thyroid diseases. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the surf...

    Authors: A. M. Kucharska, E. Gorska, M. Wasik and B. Pyrzak

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):72

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  39. Workers chronically exposed to hexavalent chromium have elevated risk of lung cancer. Our study investigates the incidence of lung cancer types, age at onset of the disease, and survival time among chromium ex...

    Authors: E. Halasova, M. Adamkov, T. Matakova, E. Kavcova, I. Poliacek and A. Singliar

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):55

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  40. Increased care of fetal and neonatal airways has led to advances in neonatal medicine. The early diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases require a detailed knowledge of fetal airway anatomy and develop...

    Authors: A. Gawlikowska-Sroka, D. Miklaszewska, E. Dzieciolowska-Baran, E. Kamienska, T. Sroczynski and I. Poziomkowska-Gesicka

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  41. The study seeks to determine the relationships between neuroticism and extroversion, on the one side, and the perception of various dimensions of social stigma, on the other, in psychiatric in-patients with de...

    Authors: L. Borecki, A. Gozdzik-Zelazny and M. Pokorski

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  42. The aim of this study is to present the results of a self-reported evaluation of the psychoemotional status by dialysis patients. The level of self-esteem influences the emotions felt, both positive and negati...

    Authors: K. Bargiel-Matusiewicz, A. Sobota and A. Wilczynska

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  43. Oxidative stress developed at several disease states and strenuous resistive breathing lead to the elevation of plasma and cerebral levels of proinflammatory cytokines. We hypothesized that the elevation of th...

    Authors: N. P. Aleksandrova and G. A. Danilova

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

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