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  1. Influenza vaccinations are recommended for health professionals by the WHO and the CDC. Medical students are important health professionals not only as future physicians, but also due to their frequent contact...

    Authors: R. Machowicz, T. Wyszomirski, J. Ciechanska, N. Mahboobi, E. Wnekowicz, M. Obrowski, K. Zycinska and T. M. Zielonka
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):235

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  2. Chronic inflammation and fibrosis are characteristic of interstitial lung diseases (ILD) and are accompanied by neovascularisation. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the angiogenic ...

    Authors: T. M. Zielonka, U. Demkow, E. Radzikowska, B. Bialas, M. Filewska, K. Zycinska, M. H. Obrowski, J. Kowalski, K. A. Wardyn and E. Skopinska-Rozewska
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):229

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  3. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the relationship between the levels of air pollutants and respiratory function/physical efficiency of pre-adolescent children living in the Upper Silesian Indust...

    Authors: A. Zebrowska and R. Mankowski
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):224

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  4. Nitration of tyrosine and tyrosine-containing proteins and their roles in pathophysiology have just recently been reviewed. Despite low yields of tyrosine modifications, nitration of tyrosine residues may inac...

    Authors: D. Weiner, E. V. Khankin, Y. Levy, D. Aizenbud and A. Z. Reznick
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):211

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  5. Several reports indicate that lungs are the extralymphatic site most commonly affected in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma; however, the data in children are rather limited. This retrospective study aimed to ass...

    Authors: T. Urasinski, E. Kamienska, A. Gawlikowska-Sroka, T. Ociepa, E. Maloney, K. Chosia and A. Walecka
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):206

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  6. Nasal septum deformation (NSD) may cause breathing dysfunction. The reason for a septal deviation is the developmental anomaly in growth of the elastic septum or its skeleton. Such a type of deviation is calle...

    Authors: I. Teul, G. Slawinski, J. Lewandowski, E. Dzieciolowska-Baran, A. Gawlikowska-Sroka and F. Czerwinski
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):202

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  7. Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by an autoimmune, T-cell dependent destruction of insulin producing pancreatic beta cells. T regulatory cells (Tregs) are critical regulators of immune tole...

    Authors: A. Szypowska, A. Stelmaszczyk-Emmel, U. Demkow and W. Luczynski
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):198

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  8. Nocturnal cardiac arrhythmias (NCA) were analyzed in patients with sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) and controls. Occurrence and severity of NCA were compared in 33 SAHS patients and 16 control subjects, m...

    Authors: E. Szaboova, Z. Tomori, P. Szabo, S. Gresova and V. Donic
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):193

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  9. Codeine represents a commonly used drug to suppress cough. Central antitussive effect of codeine has been confirmed in a number of animal studies. However, available data related to antitussive activity of cod...

    Authors: M. Simera, I. Poliacek and J. Jakus
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):184

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  10. The European Directive 98/79/EC for in vitro diagnostic medical devices (IVD) regulates marketing and post marketing surveillance of IVD in the European Economic Area. Manufacturers have to inform the responsible...

    Authors: R. Siekmeier, K. Lisson and D. Wetzel
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):175

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  11. Alpha-1-proteinase inhibitor (α1-PI) is the most relevant protease inhibitor in the lung. Patients with hereditary deficiency of α1-PI suffer from an impaired hepatic synthesis of α1-PI in the liver and in conseq...

    Authors: R. Siekmeier
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):164

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  12. To characterize the ventilatory responses to resistive loading or unloading, we studied the effects of breathing 79% helium-21% oxygen (He-O2), 79% argon-21% oxygen (Ar-O2) and 79% SF6-21% oxygen (SF6-O2) on the ...

    Authors: M. O. Segizbaeva
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):157

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  13. Type 2 diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are diseases with high prevalence and major public health impact. There is evidence that regular snoring and OSA are independently associated with alterations ...

    Authors: K. Rasche, T. Keller, B. Tautz, C. Hader, G. Hergenç, J. Antosiewicz, C. Di Giulio and M. Pokorski
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):152

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  14. The prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents has been increasing worldwide. As in adults, childhood obesity is closely related to hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, and insulin resistance (I...

    Authors: B. Pyrzak, M. Ruminska, K. Popko and U. Demkow
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):147

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  15. TNF-α is one of the most important factors in the development and course of inflammation. It is suggested that polymorphism located in the 5'regulatory region of the TNF-α gene at position 308 (guanine [G]→ ad...

    Authors: B. Pyrzak, A. Wisniewska, K. Popko, U. Demkow and A. M. Kucharska
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):141

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  16. The vagus nerve plays a special role in the control of respiratory system activity which represents the parasympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system. A small bronchial innervation by the sympathetic sy...

    Authors: I. Poziomkowska-Gesicka, E. Dzieciolowska-Baran, A. Gawlikowska-Sroka, D. Slowik-Zylka and T. Sroczynski
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):135

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  17. Serotonin (5-HT) and its receptors are present in central, the brain stem, and peripheral, the carotid body, tissues controlling the ventilatory responses to hypoxia. The exact action of serotonin and its natu...

    Authors: M. Pozdzik, D. Zajac, I. Zasada, Z. Czarnocki, Z. Matysiak, A. Mazzatenta and M. Pokorski
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):128

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  18. Obesity is a multifactor disease with a very complicated etiology. Genetic factors play an important role in the development of primary obesity. They may be responsible for up to 40% of causes leading to obesi...

    Authors: K. Popko, E. Gorska and U. Demkow
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):123

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  19. Coping with stress plays a vital role in the adjustment of adolescents with diabetes. The majority of studies in this area leave out the control group, limiting their power to make inferences about specificity vs

    Authors: E. Pisula and Z. Czaplinska
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):115

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  20. Oxygen transport is optimized at the cellular level, since oxygen serves as the terminal electron acceptor in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and several enzymatic processes require molecular oxygen as...

    Authors: G. Petruccelli, V. Verratti, J. Antosiewicz, A. Cataldi, A. Mazzatenta and C. Di Giulio
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):108

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  21. In the more and more globalized world, the experience of moral pluralism (often related to, or based upon, religious pluralism) has become a common issue which ethical importance is undeniable. Potential confl...

    Authors: L. Niebroj
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):98

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  22. A twenty eight-year-old male presented with a two week history of dyspnea, cough, hemoptysis, chest pain, and fever 38-39°C. He also complained of loss of appetite, general weakness and left leg pain for two m...

    Authors: R. M. Mroz, M. Korniluk, E. Swidzinska, J. Dzieciol, J. Czaban, B. Panek and E. Chyczewska
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):95

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  23. Peripheral chemoreceptors residing predominantly in the carotid body monitor changes in arterial blood oxygen and are mechanistically linked to the cardiorespiratory control by the autonomic nervous system. En...

    Authors: T. Rassaf, R. Westenfeld, J. Balzer, T. Lauer, M. Merx, J. Floege, S. Steiner, C. Heiss, M. Kelm and C. Meyer
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):83

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  24. Chemosensory neurons respond to stimulation induced by gasses, volatile and non-volatile compounds. Neuronal excitation mediated via second messengers involves typically: cGMP, cAMP, or IP3. Transduction pathways...

    Authors: A. Mazzatenta, C. Di Giulio and M. Pokorski
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):79

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  25. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is one of the basic antigens involved in immune responses regulation associated with autoimmune thyroid diseases. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the surf...

    Authors: A. M. Kucharska, E. Gorska, M. Wasik and B. Pyrzak
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):72

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  26. Osteoporosis may significantly impair the final result of lung transplantation. The purpose of study is to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis with the regard to risk factors for osteoporosis in patients ...

    Authors: D. Jastrzebski, W. Lutogniewska, M. Ochman, A. Margas, K. Kowalski, J. Wyrwol, B. Ksiazek, J. Wojarski, S. Zeglen, D. Ziora and J. Kozielski
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):68

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  27. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by irreversible progressive airflow limitation related to tobacco smoking. This limitation is caused by chronic inflammation of the airways and lun...

    Authors: A. Holownia, R. M. Mroz, T. Skopinski, A. Kielek, A. Kolodziejczyk, E. Chyczewska and J. J. Braszko
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):64

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  28. Fas/APO-1 (CD95) and Fas Ligand (FasL) is a major mediator system that activates programmed cell death (apoptosis) and is most important for pulmonary cellular homeostasis. Another form of Fas, circulating sol...

    Authors: F. Hoffmeyer, J. Henry, G. Borowitzki, R. Merget, J. Bünger, T. Brüning and M. Raulf-Heimsoth
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):60

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  29. Workers chronically exposed to hexavalent chromium have elevated risk of lung cancer. Our study investigates the incidence of lung cancer types, age at onset of the disease, and survival time among chromium ex...

    Authors: E. Halasova, M. Adamkov, T. Matakova, E. Kavcova, I. Poliacek and A. Singliar
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):55

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  30. Leptin or obesity receptor (Ob-R) is a member of class I cytokine receptor family. Ob-R, expressed in six isoforms, is the product of alternative RNA splicing of db gene. According to its structural difference...

    Authors: E. Gorska, K. Popko, A. Stelmaszczyk-Emmel, O. Ciepiela, A. Kucharska and M. Wasik
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):50

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  31. Menopause is a health and social problem that affects a large number of women. Inadequate quantity of steroid hormones also impacts quality of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. During menopausal age, man...

    Authors: M. Golecka-Bakowska, E. Mierzwinska-Nastalska and M. Bychawska
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):46

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  32. Increased care of fetal and neonatal airways has led to advances in neonatal medicine. The early diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases require a detailed knowledge of fetal airway anatomy and develop...

    Authors: A. Gawlikowska-Sroka, D. Miklaszewska, E. Dzieciolowska-Baran, E. Kamienska, T. Sroczynski and I. Poziomkowska-Gesicka
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):41

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  33. Breathing-related sleep disorders cover several conditions (isolated snoring, UARS - upper airway resistance syndrome, obstructive sleep apnea, hypopnea, obesity hypoventilation syndrome) characterized by a va...

    Authors: E. Dzieciolowska-Baran, A. Gawlikowska-Sroka, I. Poziomkowska-Gesicka, I. Teul-Swiniarska and T. Sroczynski
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):36

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  34. Neutrophil elastase, metalloproteinases, and their inhibitors play an important role in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), resulting in extensive tissue damage and malfunctioning ...

    Authors: U. Demkow and F. J. van Overveld
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):27

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  35. Detection of allergen-induced basophil activation by flow cytometry has been shown to be a useful tool for allergy diagnosis.

    Authors: O. Ciepiela, J. Zwiazek, A. Zawadzka-Krajewska, I. Kotula, M. Kulus and U. Demkow
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):21

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  36. The resistance of T lymphocytes to Fas-mediated apoptosis is an important feature of atopic asthma. The only effective causative treatment of atopic diseases is immunotherapy. Clinical efficacy of sublingual i...

    Authors: O. Ciepiela, A. Zawadzka-Krajewska, I. Kotula, M. Wasik and U. Demkow
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):17

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  37. The study seeks to determine the relationships between neuroticism and extroversion, on the one side, and the perception of various dimensions of social stigma, on the other, in psychiatric in-patients with de...

    Authors: L. Borecki, A. Gozdzik-Zelazny and M. Pokorski
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15(Suppl 2):10

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  38. Notch receptors are critical determinants of cell fate in a variety of organisms. Notch signaling is involved in the chondrogenic specification of neural crest cells. Aberrant Notch activity has been implicate...

    Authors: CH Siar, KO Ha, LO Aung, K Nakano, H Tsujigiwa, H Nagatsuka, KH Ng and T Kawakami
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:456
  39. Measuring arterial stiffness using pulse wave velocity (PWV) has become an important tool to assess vascular function and cardiovascular mortality. For subject with hypertension, end-stage renal disease and di...

    Authors: A Mitchell, A Opazo Saez, M Kos, O Witzke, A Kribben and J Nürnberger
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:452
  40. Resistance to cisplatin in the course of chemotherapy contributes to the poor prognosis of small cell lung cancer (SCLC). B cell lymphoma-2 is the founding member of a large family of proteins that either prom...

    Authors: J Biagosch, RM Huber and A Bergner
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:448
  41. The selective degradation of many proteins in eukaryotic cells is carried out by the ubiquitin system. In this pathway, proteins are targeted for degradation by covalent ligation to ubiquitin, a highly conserv...

    Authors: SU Sixt, HP Jennissen, M Winterhalter and M Laub
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:428

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in European Journal of Medical Research 2011 16:II

  42. Once metastasized, despite a variety of therapeutic options, the prognosis of patients with malignant melanoma (MM) is still poor. Therefore, the search for reliable markers to identify patients with high risk...

    Authors: UH Frey, A Fritz, S Rotterdam, KW Schmid, A Potthoff, P Altmeyer, W Siffert and NH Brockmeyer
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:422
  43. Replication of HIV-1 after cell entry is essentially dependent on the reverse transcriptase (RT). Antiretroviral drugs impairing the function of the RT currently aim at the polymerase subunit. One reason for f...

    Authors: I Michels, S Staszewski, L Gürtler, G Nisius, A Müller, L Locher, H-W Doerr and M Stürmer
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:415
  44. The deadly threat of systemic infections with coagulase negative Staphylococcus lugdunensis despite an appropriate antibiotic therapy has only recently been recognized. The predominant infectious focus observed s...

    Authors: M Woznowski, I Quack, E Bölke, M Peiper, C Matuschek, SG Gatermann, LC Rump and G Schieren
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:410
  45. Given sparse research on the issue, this study sought to shed light upon the interactions of alexithymia, emotion processing, and social anxiety in adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

    Authors: M-A Edel, A Rudel, C Hubert, D Scheele, M Brüne, G Juckel and H-J Assion
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:403
  46. We found that locations of arginine-specific gingipain (RGP) in the cellular fractions in the crude extract, envelope, vesicles, and culture supernatants were 48%, 16%, 17%, and 31%, respectively, and the corr...

    Authors: S Oishi, M Miyashita, A Kiso, Y Kikuchi, O Ueda, K Hirai, Y Shibata and S Fujimura
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:397
  47. The constantly growing amount of different kinds of colloid fluids necessitates comparative investigations with regards to the safety and effectivity in clinical use of these preparations. Hence we compared th...

    Authors: M Winterhalter, P Malinski, O Danzeisen, S Sixt, E Monaca, T Jüttner, M Peiper, P Kienbaum, A Koester and N Rahe-Meyer
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:383
  48. Dendritic cells (DC) are the initiators and modulators of the immune responses. Some species of pathogenic microorganisms have developed immune evasion strategies by controlling antigen presentation function o...

    Authors: G Changyong, M Sun, H Li, N Brockmeyer and N Wu
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:377
  49. The RAINBOW survey is a multinational observational study assessing the tolerability and efficacy of ritonavir-boosted saquinavir (SQV/r), using the 500 mg film-coated SQV formulation, in routine clinical prac...

    Authors: C Stephan, H Jaeger, A Carganico, G Knecht, T Lutz, C Mayr, FA Mosthaf, S Koeppe, M Mueller, E Wolf, A Tappe, E Wellmann and H Knechten
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2010 15:369

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