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  1. To assess the efficacy of thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) with or without general anesthesia (GA) versus GA in patients who underwent cardiac surgery, PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane online database, and Web o...

    Authors: Shengsuo Zhang, Xinmin Wu, Hang Guo and Li Ma

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:25

    Content type: Review

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  2. To conduct a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with the aims of comparing relevant clinical outcomes (that is, visual analog scores (VAS), total and sub-Western...

    Authors: Jatupon Kongtharvonskul, Thunyarat Anothaisintawee, Mark McEvoy, John Attia, Patarawan Woratanarat and Ammarin Thakkinstian

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:24

    Content type: Research

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  3. One of the main reasons for organ shortage is insufficient education on organ donation. Knowledgeable medical students could share the information with friends and families resulting in a positive attitude to ...

    Authors: Sonia Radunz, Tamás Benkö, Sabrina Stern, Fuat H Saner, Andreas Paul and Gernot M Kaiser

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:23

    Content type: Research

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  4. Silent information regulator 2 related enzyme 1 (SIRT1) is one of the key factors in the mechanism of calorie restriction (CR) extending lifespan of animals. The aim of the study is to investigate if CR prolon...

    Authors: Wei-Juan Liu, Xing-Mei Zhang, Na Wang, Xiao-Ling Zhou, Yu-Cai Fu and Li-Li Luo

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:22

    Content type: Research

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  5. A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stents (BP-DESs).

    Authors: Jianfeng Lv, Yazhou Wu, Xingmei Zhang, Tao Jing, Li Zhang, Shifei Tong, Zhiyuan Song, Mingli Wang, Gang Wang and Luxiang Chi

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:21

    Content type: Research

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  6. Right ventricle (RV) dysfunction is a key outcome determinant and a leading cause of death for patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). In this report, we followed the 5-year clinic...

    Authors: Dan Liu, Kai Hu, Heinz-Theo Pelzer, Stefan Störk and Frank Weidemann

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:20

    Content type: Case report

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  7. The clinical outcome of hip resurfacing (HR) as a demanding surgical technique associated with a substantial learning curve depends on the position of the femoral component. The aim of the study was to investi...

    Authors: Maik Stiehler, Jens Goronzy, Stephan Kirschner, Albrecht Hartmann, Torsten Schäfer and Klaus-Peter Günther

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:18

    Content type: Research

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  8. The distinguishing of intrapulmonary metastatic tumors from multiple primary lung cancers is difficult but of great importance for the therapeutic management and prognosis of these patients.

    Authors: Cheng Shen, Xin Wang, Long Tian, Yubin Zhou, Dali Chen, Heng Du, Weiya Wang, Lunxu Liu and Guowei Che

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:17

    Content type: Research

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  9. Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) eventually transforms into acute leukemia (AL) in about 30% of patients. Hypermethylation of the inhibitor of DNA binding 4 (ID4) gene may play an important role in the initiatio...

    Authors: Huiyuan Kang, Xinrong Wang, Li Gao, Jian Cen, Mianyang Li, Wei Wang, Nan Wang, Yonghui Li, Lili Wang and Li Yu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:16

    Content type: Research

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  10. So far, a number of case-control or cohort studies have been carried out to investigate the relationship between rs759853 polymorphism in the promoter of aldose reductase (AR) gene and the risk of diabetic nep...

    Authors: Wenpeng Cui, Bing Du, Yingchun Cui, Lili Kong, Hao Wu, Yangwei Wang, Lining Miao and Wenhua Zhou

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:14

    Content type: Research

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  11. Plasma expanders are commonly used in the management of critically ill patients, which may exhibit altered hemorheology. We evaluated the effects of various synthetic colloids and Lactated Ringer’s (LR) soluti...

    Authors: Gan Chen, Jingxiang Zhao, Penglong Li, Xuemei Kan, Guoxing You, Ying Wang, Yujing Yin, Xin Luo, Yuhua Zhang, Lian Zhao and Hong Zhou

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:13

    Content type: Research

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  12. To evaluate the feasibility and security of complete remission (CR) of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) achieved with sorafenib treatment, and investigate the previously described predictive factors in CR.

    Authors: Daizhong Liu, Aixiang Liu, Junping Peng, Yong Hu and Xielin Feng

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:12

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Critical illness polyneuropathy and myopathy are multifaceted complications that follow severe illnesses involving the sensorimotor axons and proximal skeletal muscles. These syndromes have rarely been reporte...

    Authors: Guo-wei Tu, Jie-qiong Song, Simon Kang Seng Ting, Min-jie Ju, Hong-yu He, Ji-hong Dong and Zhe Luo

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:11

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Microenvironment signals play a critical role in directing the differentiation of stem cells. Sertoli cells (SCs) provide a unique microenvironment that is essential for germ cell differentiation.

    Authors: Lichun Xie, Limin Lin, Qiuliu Tang, Weizhong Li, Tianhua Huang, Xiao Huo, Xiaoshan Liu, Jikai Jiang, Guyu He and Lian Ma

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:9

    Content type: Research

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  15. Exosomes secreted by tumor cells contain specific antigens that may have immunotherapeutic purposes. The aim of this study was to characterize the proteomic content of lymphoma cell-derived exosomes (LCEXs).

    Authors: Ye Yao, Wei Wei, Jing Sun, Linjun Chen, Xiaohui Deng, Liyuan Ma and Siguo Hao

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:8

    Content type: Research

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  16. Cytokines have always been of great interest due to their vast potential and participation in the progression and pathogenesis of various ailments. Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a recently identified cytokine, who...

    Authors: Babar Khawar, Muddasir Hassan Abbasi and Nadeem Sheikh

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:7

    Content type: Review

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  17. Early hospital readmissions, defined as rehospitalization within 30 days from a previous discharge, represent an economic and social burden for public health management. As data about early readmission in Ital...

    Authors: Fabio Fabbian, Arrigo Boccafogli, Alfredo De Giorgi, Marco Pala, Raffaella Salmi, Roberto Melandri, Massimo Gallerani, Andrea Gardini, Gabriele Rinaldi and Roberto Manfredini

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:6

    Content type: Research

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  18. Increases in C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell (WBC) counts after orthopedic surgical procedures can give evidence of postoperative infection. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the kineti...

    Authors: Klemens Horst, Frank Hildebrand, Roman Pfeifer, Karin Köppen, Philipp Lichte, Hans-Christoph Pape and Thomas Dienstknecht

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:5

    Content type: Research

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  19. Endorectal ultrasonography (ERUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allow exploring the morphology of the rectum in detail. Use of such data, especially assessment of the rectal wall, is an important tool f...

    Authors: Franciszek Burdan, Iwona Sudol-Szopinska, Elzbieta Staroslawska, Malgorzata Kolodziejczak, Robert Klepacz, Agnieszka Mocarska, Marek Caban, Iwonna Zelazowska-Cieslinska and Justyna Szumilo

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:4

    Content type: Review

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  20. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have reported that the polymorphism rs5219 of the potassium inwardly rectifying channel, subfamily J, member 11 (KCNJ11) is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). ...

    Authors: Nai-Jia Liu, Hui-Hui Wu, Yan-Liang Li, Zhen Yang, Xiao-Ming Tao, Yan-Ping Du, Xuan-Chun Wang, Bin Lu, Zhao-Yun Zhang, Ren-Ming Hu and Jie Wen

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:3

    Content type: Research

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  21. There are more and more women with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). The mechanism of RSA is still unclear. Immunological factors have been postulated to play a role in the etiology of RSA. Dendritic cells...

    Authors: Zhi-Da Qian, Li-Li Huang and Xiao-Ming Zhu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:2

    Content type: Research

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  22. Despite extensive research, the underlying pathological mechanisms of osteoporosis are not completely understood. Recent studies have indicated a distinct role for the IFN-β/STAT1 pathway in bone metabolism. A...

    Authors: Claudine Seeliger, Lilianna Schyschka, Zienab Kronbach, Angela Wottge, Martijn van Griensven, Britt Wildemann and Helen Vester

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:1

    Content type: Research

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  23. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the central nervous system probably based on the autoimmune mechanism against myelin and the action of lymphocyte T. In the last 50 years, more than 150 descriptive stud...

    Authors: Ligia Rusu, Marius Cristian Neamtu, Eugenia Rosulescu, Germina Cosma, Mihai Dragomir and Mihnea Ion Marin

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:73

    Content type: Research

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  24. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the dynamic changes of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in the early stage post renal transplantation and renal allograft dysfunction.

    Authors: Guisheng Qi, Qunye Tang and Ruiming Rong

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:72

    Content type: Research

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  25. Recognition of different genetic variants underlying osteoporosis would make it possible to introduce individual, symptomatic treatment as well as early prophylaxis of osteoporosis.

    Authors: Dariusz Boroń, Seremak-Mrozikiewicz Agnieszka, Kotrych Daniel, Bogacz Anna and Kamiński Adam

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:69

    Content type: Research

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  26. Gliomas are the most common human brain tumors. Glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multiform (GBM), is the most aggressive, malignant, and lethal glioma. The investigation of prognostic and diagnostic mo...

    Authors: Yu Bai, Quan-Geng Zhang and Xin-Hua Wang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:66

    Content type: Research

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  27. Our objective is to investigate the genetic polymorphisms of the glutathione S-transferase M1 and T1 genes (GSTM1 and GSTT1) and evaluate oxidative damage in patients with non-small lung cancer (N-SCLC).

    Authors: Hongyan Zhang, Xuwei Wu, Yi Xiao, Mei Chen, Zhidong Li, Xing Wei and Kaifa Tang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:67

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Aberrant expression of microRNA-148a (miR-148a) has been reported in several types of malignancies. However, its expression and clinicopathological significance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been e...

    Authors: Linjiang Pan, Suning Huang, Rongquan He, Minhua Rong, Yiwu Dang and Gang Chen

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:68

    Content type: Research

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  29. Osteoarthritis (OA) is defined by signs and symptoms of inflammation within the affected joint. The aim of this study is to determine the mRNA expression levels of selected cytokines and matrix-metalloproteina...

    Authors: Martin Sauerschnig, Josef Stolberg-Stolberg, Anne Schulze, Gian Max Salzmann, Carsten Perka and Christian Jiri Dynybil

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:65

    Content type: Research

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  30. Patients with congenital absence of the portal vein (CAPV) often suffer from additional medical complications such as hepatic tumors and cardiac malformations.

    Authors: Kun Zhang, Qingjun Wang, Haiyi Wang, Huiyi Ye, Aitao Guo and Weidong Duan

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:63

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  31. Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is an aggressive neoplasm exclusively occurring in AIDS patients. Recently, increasing cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative PBL have been reported. No standard ther...

    Authors: Pengli Jiang, Min Liu, Bailong Liu, Bin Liu, Yuhua Zhou and Lihua Dong

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:64

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. Knowledge of the oncogenic signaling pathways of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) remains limited. Constitutive aberrant activation of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway has been d...

    Authors: Yu Ma, Ziwei Liao, Yi Xu, Ziyun Zhong, Xu Wang, Fan Zhang, Shaohua Chen, Lijian Yang, Gengxin Luo, Xin Huang, Suming Huang, Xiuli Wu and Yangqiu Li

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:62

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Endostatin is an endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis that inhibits neovascularisation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of elective surgery on endostatin levels.

    Authors: Torbjörn Åkerfeldt, Lena Gunningberg, Christine Leo Swenne, Göran Ronquist and Anders Larsson

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:61

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The application of systemic isotretinoin in the treatment of cutaneous photoaging has been well investigated. In addition, well-recognized topical antiaging therapies such as superficial chemical peeling (CP) ...

    Authors: Peter Arne Gerber, Gabriela Kukova, Edwin Bölke, Bernhard Homey and Evelyn Diedrichson

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:60

    Content type: Case report

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  35. The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical efficacy of radical nephrectomy (RN) with nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) in treating patients with localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

    Authors: Wentao Li, Yanlei Cheng, Yi Cheng, Hui Ren and Na Han

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:58

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Surgical treatment modalities for post-traumatic kyphosis (PTK) remain controversial. Like vertebral column resection, closing-opening wedge osteotomy (COWO) can achieve satisfactory results for kyphosis with ...

    Authors: Xiang Li, Junwei Zhang, Hehu Tang, Zhen Lu, Shizheng Chen and Yi Hong

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:59

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The aim of this study was to identify the candidate genes of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).

    Authors: Yuzhou Shen, Jicheng Tantai and Heng Zhao

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:52

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:37

  38. Cardiomyopathy is a progressive myocardial disorder. Here, we attempted to reveal the possible mechanism of cardiomyopathy at the transcription level with the roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) and transcription fact...

    Authors: Lei Wang, Jihua Hu, Haijian Xing, Min Sun, Juanli Wang, Qiang Jian and Hua Yang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:57

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Multiple epidemiological studies have shown that low testosterone levels are associated with and predict the future development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and the metabolic syndrome.

    Authors: Shota Janjgava, Tamar Zerekidze, Lasha Uchava, Elene Giorgadze and Ketevan Asatiani

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:56

    Content type: Research

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  40. The aim of this retrospective investigation was to evaluate the position of the nasotracheal tube in the nose and to show its anatomical relationship with the maxillary sinus ostium.

    Authors: Lili Plümer, Gerhard Schön, Jan Klatt, Henning Hanken, Rainer Schmelzle and Philipp Pohlenz

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:55

    Content type: Research

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  41. Organ shortage remains a major challenge in transplantation medicine. The aim of this study was to analyze the public’s willingness to donate organs and to observe whether increased knowledge about organ donat...

    Authors: Matthias Heuer, Sonia Radunz, Friederike von Hugo, Carmen Kirchner, Natalie Wittenburg, Karl-Heinz Stammen, Andreas Paul and Gernot Kaiser

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:43

    Content type: Research

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  42. Stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC) has gained increasing attention worldwide and is characterized by extensive ventricular akinesis, Beta-blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are the ...

    Authors: Yin-yan Xi, Bei Liu, Li-xia Yang, Chen-wei Kuang and Rui-wei Guo

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:54

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Symptomatic paroxysmal hypertension without significantly elevated catecholamine concentrations and with no evidence of an underlying adrenal tumor is known as pseudopheochromocytoma.

    Authors: Alida Páll, Gergely Becs, Annamária Erdei, Lívia Sira, Árpád Czifra, Sándor Barna, Péter Kovács, Dénes Páll, György Pfliegler, György Paragh and Zoltán Szabó

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:53

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Gilbert’s syndrome and hereditary hemochromatosis predominantly affect Caucasians with a low incidence in Asians. Here we report the case of a 16-year-old Chinese boy, who was admitted with hepatalgia, jaundic...

    Authors: Xianbo Wang, Yanmin Liu, Yujuan Chang, Huimin Liu and Peng Wang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:51

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  45. Among glioma treatment strategies, arsenic trioxide (As2O3) has shown efficacy as a therapeutic agent against human gliomas. However, the exact antitumor mechanism of action of As2O3 is still unclear. Mitochondri...

    Authors: Chunlei Wang, Xiaofeng Chen, Huichao Zou, Xin Chen, Yaohua Liu and Shiguang Zhao

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:49

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. To investigate the guidance selection of docetaxel (D), cisplatin (DDP) (C), and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (F) as individual chemotherapy agents via joint detection of ERCC1, TUBB3, and TYMS genes in patients with ad...

    Authors: Yushuang Luo, Zhanquan Li, Sen Cui, Cunfang Shen, Junhui Zhao, Milu Wu, Yuying Li, Miaozhou Wang, Rong Chen, Zhibo Liu and Ge Ri-li

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2014 19:50

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in European Journal of Medical Research 2015 20:29

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