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Table 3 Reproductive Characteristics of Female PAH Patients

From: Estrogen exposure, obesity and thyroid disease in women with severe pulmonary hypertension

  Premenopausal Postmenopausal
No. of subjects 42 36
BMI > 30 kg/m2 22 22
History of fewer than 8 periods/year 12 9
History of infertility 6 0
   history of acne 3 3
   history of excess hair 3 6
   history of PCOS 1 2
Years of Menstruation   
   < 15 3 0
   15-29 30 12
   30-35 6 7
   > 35 3 17
Menopause status   
   Natural menopause   17
   Induced menopause   19
Oopherectomy   8
Parity   
   Parous 37 30
   Nulliparous 5 6
No. of births   
   1 3 5
   2 22 14
   3 8 6
   4 4 3
   5 0 2
Use of exogenous female hormones   
   Never 13 2
   Past 29 34
Oral contraceptive pills 29 33
Depo-Provera 2 1
HRT (oral)   24
HRT (transdermal)   2
Vaginal estrogen cream   1
   Current   
Oral contraceptive pills 1  
HRT (oral)   3
Hormone use (years)   
   > 10 19 20
   > 15 1 2
   > 20 2 7
Use of SERMs (EVISTA)   2
History of IUD 3 9
History of breast cancer 0 6
   Use of tamoxifen   6
History of ovarian cancer 0 1
History of breastfeeding 7 26
   > 24 months   10
History of DVT 0 3