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  1. In-stent restenosis (ISR) remains a challenge for coronary artery disease (CAD) patients who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stents, and risk factors for ISR are controversial. This study...

    Authors: Mingrui Li, Jingyuan Hou, Xiaodong Gu, Ruiqiang Weng, Zhixiong Zhong and Sudong Liu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2022 27:12

    Content type: Research

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  2. Unilateral jugular stenosis is easily mistaken as jugular hypoplasia for their similar jugular appearances. This study aimed to propose a scheme to differentiate acquired internal jugular vein stenosis (IJVS) ...

    Authors: Xiaoqin Wu, Yuchuan Ding, Xunming Ji and Ran Meng

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2022 27:10

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Yunnan has the highest rates of HIV in China. Other treatable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are associated with accelerated HIV transmission and poor ART outcomes, but are only diagnosed by syndromic ...

    Authors: Wei Tu, Yu-Ye Li, Yi-Qun Kuang, Rong-Hui Xie, Xing-Qi Dong, Dan Zhang, Yan-Ling Ma, Wan-Yue Zhang and Lin Lu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2022 27:9

    Content type: Research

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  4. Intramedullary (IM) fixation is the dominant treatment for pertrochanteric and femoral shaft fractures. In comparison to plate osteosynthesis (PO), IM fixation offers greater biomechanical stability and reduce...

    Authors: Henrik C. Bäcker, Mark Heyland, Chia H. Wu, Carsten Perka, Ulrich Stöckle and Karl F. Braun

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2022 27:7

    Content type: Research

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  5. SARS-CoV-2, a novel coronavirus, is the agent responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic and is a major public health concern nowadays. The rapid and global spread of this coronavirus leads to an increase in hospit...

    Authors: Zahra Niknam, Ameneh Jafari, Ali Golchin, Fahima Danesh Pouya, Mohadeseh Nemati, Mostafa Rezaei-Tavirani and Yousef Rasmi

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2022 27:6

    Content type: Review

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  6. Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is a natural progression of age-related processes. Associated with IDD, degenerative disc disease (DDD) is a pathologic condition implicated as a major cause of chronic l...

    Authors: Kun Zhu, Rui Zhao, Yuchen Ye, Gang Xu and Changchun Zhang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2022 27:5

    Content type: Research

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  7. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis and myxomas are rare conditions previously described to co-exist. Cardiac masses are often presumed to be myxomas rather than lesions of granulomatosis with polyangiitis.

    Authors: Joel Corin, Amanda Carlsson and Björn Peters

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2022 27:4

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as an infectious disease primarily spreading through droplet infection in dental treatment. Patient satisfaction is an indicator of healthcare quality service. Quality of he...

    Authors: Parvin Parvaie and Freshteh Osmani

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2022 27:3

    Content type: Research

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  9. Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) has a high morbidity and mortality due to the low detection of Cryptococcus in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) during the early stage of the disease with traditional methods.

    Authors: Ke Jin, Xiaojuan Wang, Lingzhi Qin, Yazhen Jia, Keke Zhou, Yusu Jiang, Milan Zhang, Tao Zhang, Mengge Zhang, Weifeng Ma, Lin Jia, Yongshi Teng, Shuhua Dai and Wei li

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2022 27:1

    Content type: Case report

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  10. COVID-19 and its related anti-inflammatory treatment (steroids, immunomodulators) may induce the reactivation of latent bacterial, parasitic, and viral infections. According to our knowledge, no case of dissem...

    Authors: Giulia Gardini, Silvia Odolini, Giovanni Moioli, Dorothea Angela Papalia, Vittorio Ferrari, Alberto Matteelli and Silvio Caligaris

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:152

    Content type: Case report

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  11. For patients with primary brain injury, septic shock is especially dangerous due to the possibility of secondary cerebral damage. The key factor of sepsis-associated brain injury is inflammatory mediators, pat...

    Authors: A. I. Burov, T. A. Abramov, N. S. Kostritca, D. S. Korotkov, G. V. Danilov, Y. V. Strunina and I. A. Savin

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:151

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Metatarsal fractures are common skeletal injuries of the lower extremity in adults. The majority involves the proximal fifth metatarsal bone. In the current literature, there still exists controversy regarding...

    Authors: Patrick Pflüger, Michael Zyskowski, Michael Müller, Chlodwig Kirchhoff, Peter Biberthaler and Moritz Crönlein

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:150

    Content type: Research

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  13. Vertebral rotation and facet tropism are very common in various lumbar degenerative diseases. Facet tropism means the presence of asymmetric angles on both sides of the facet joints. Studies have shown that fa...

    Authors: Yachao Ma, Peipei Huang, Zhipeng Tu, Zhou Yao, Zhe Wang, Zhuojing Luo and Xueyu Hu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:149

    Content type: Research

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  14. Solitary plasmacytoma of bone (SPB) is a rare plasma cell neoplasm. It arises in bone as a single locus in the absence of any plasma cell myeloma lesions. Plasma cell neoplasms intrinsically express only one i...

    Authors: Ryota Matsuoka, Noriaki Sakamoto, Takayasu Kato, Shigeru Chiba and Masayuki Noguchi

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:148

    Content type: Case report

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  15. The outbreak of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a public health emergency of international concern. Quantitative testing of SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) vir...

    Authors: Yushen Jiang, Shanming Zhang, Hong Qin, Shuai Meng, Xuyi Deng, He Lin, Xiaoliang Xin, Yuxin Liang, Bowen Chen, Yan Cui, YiHeng Su, Pei Liang, GuangZhi Zhou and Hongbo Hu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:147

    Content type: Research

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  16. At the end of 2019, the world witnessed the emergence and ravages of a viral infection induced by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Also known as the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID...

    Authors: Tian-Ao Xie, Zhi-Jian He, Chuan Liang, Hao-Neng Dong, Jie Zhou, Shu-Jin Fan and Xu-Guang Guo

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:146

    Content type: Research

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  17. We aimed to investigate the effect of antepartum treatment with spiramycin with or without subsequent pyrimethamine–sulfonamide–folinic acid, compared to no treatment, on the rate of mother-to-child transmissi...

    Authors: Jose G. Montoya, Katherine Laessig, Mir Sohail Fazeli, Gaye Siliman, Sophie S. Yoon, Elizabeth Drake-Shanahan, Chengyue Zhu, Akbar Akbary and Rima McLeod

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:143

    Content type: Review

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  18. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common monogenic kidney disorder. Half of the patients would slowly progress to end-stage renal disease. However, the potential target for ADPKD...

    Authors: Na Du, Dan Dong, Luyao Sun, Lihe Che, Xiaohua Li, Yong Liu and Bin Wang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:142

    Content type: Research

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  19. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used as a rescue strategy in patients with severe with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to SARS-CoV-2 infection, but there has been little evid...

    Authors: Saad Alhumaid, Abbas Al Mutair, Header A. Alghazal, Ali J. Alhaddad, Hassan Al-Helal, Sadiq A. Al Salman, Jalal Alali, Sana Almahmoud, Zulfa M. Alhejy, Ahmad A. Albagshi, Javed Muhammad, Amjad Khan, Tarek Sulaiman, Maha Al-Mozaini, Kuldeep Dhama, Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq…

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:141

    Content type: Research

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  20. Turner syndrome (TS) is characterized as the complete or partial absence of one X chromosome and is an extremely rare disease affecting approximately 1:2500 live female births. Though the prevalence of osteopo...

    Authors: Longyu Li, Yifang Shi, Nan Zhao, Zhengpei Liu, Zhe Zhao, Zongmian Song, Sailei Zheng, Miaoheng Yan, Zikuan Leng, Songfeng Chen, Guowei Shang, Hongwei Kou and Hongjian Liu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:139

    Content type: Case report

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  21. The utilization of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) is becoming more and more common, especially in patients with acute or chronic respiratory failure. The purpose of our study is to analyze th...

    Authors: Juan Wang, Shuang Bian, Xiaomiao Tang, Sheng Ye, Shen Meng and Wei Lei

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:136

    Content type: Review

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  22. To date, the histopathologic characteristics of dropped head syndrome (DHS) have not been reported sufficiently. The present study investigates the histopathology of biopsy specimens from the cervical paravert...

    Authors: Kenji Endo, Jun Matsubayashi, Yasunobu Sawaji, Kazuma Murata, Takamitsu Konishi, Toshitaka Nagao and Kengo Yamamoto

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:135

    Content type: Research

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  23. Circumsporozoite protein (CSP) has a central immune domain that includes short regions of repeating amino acid sequences. This immunodynamic region is an epitope of B cells that can elicit an immune response i...

    Authors: Mehdi Nateghpour, Soudabeh Etemadi, Afsaneh Motevalli Haghi, Hamid Eslami, Mehdi Mohebali and Leila Farivar

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:134

    Content type: Research

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  24. Cefazolin is a first-generation cephalosporin commonly used for skin and soft tissue infections, abdominal and orthopedic surgery prophylaxis, and methicillin-sensitive staph aureus. Cephalosporins as a whole ...

    Authors: Elizabeth Mause, Mohammad Selim and Manasa Velagapudi

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:133

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Pythium, soil-borne plant pathogens, are in the class Oomycetes. They are not true fungi, but are related to diatom and algae. There are two human pathogens including P. insidiosum and P. aphanidermatum. To date,...

    Authors: Pannaporn Thongsuk, Rongpong Plongla, Arsa Thammahong, Jaruwan Tiewsurin, Navaporn Worasilchai, Ariya Chindamporn and Chusana Suankratay

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:132

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Mucormycosis is a rare fungal infection occurring chiefly in the lung or the rhino-orbital-cerebral compartment, particularly in patients with immunodeficiency or diabetes mellitus. Among Mucorales fungi, Rhizopu...

    Authors: F. Yuan, J. Chen, F. Liu, Y. C. Dang, Q. T. Kong and H. Sang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:131

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  27. To compare differential expression protein in hippocampal tissues from mice of perioperative neurocognitive disorder (PND) and normal control mice and to explore the possible mechanism of PND.

    Authors: Chuan Li, Jingzhu Li, He Tao, Jinghua Shan, Fanghao Liu, Xiyuan Deng, Yanan Lin, Xu Lin, Li Fu, Bin Wang and Yanlin Bi

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:130

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. A pandemic outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (COVID 19) incidence data are largely available online. Until August 17, COVID 19 has hit more than 22 million individuals all over the gl...

    Authors: S. Abdalla, Duaa Bakhshwin, W. Shirbeeny, Ahmed Bakhshwin, F. Bahabri, Abdulaziz Bakhshwin and Samar M. Alsaggaf

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:128

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. This study aims to investigate the risk factors of vertebral re-fracture after percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for osteoporosis vertebral compression fracture (OVCF), and to provide reference for clinical preve...

    Authors: Shen-Yun Fang, Ji-Lin Dai, Ji-Kang Min and Wei-Li Zhang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:127

    Content type: Research

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  30. Brucella spondylitis (BS) and tuberculous spondylitis (TS), caused initially by bacteremia, are the two leading types of granulomatous spinal infections. BS is easy to miss or may be misdiagnosed as TS. Our pu...

    Authors: Hui Guo, Siqin Lan, Yuanlin He, Maijudan Tiheiran and Wenya Liu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:125

    Content type: Research

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  31. Trauma accounts for a third of the deaths in Western countries, exceeded only by cardiovascular disease and cancer. The high risk of massive bleeding, which depends not only on the type of fractures, but also ...

    Authors: Matteo Renzulli, Anna Maria Ierardi, Nicolò Brandi, Sofia Battisti, Emanuela Giampalma, Giovanni Marasco, Daniele Spinelli, Tiziana Principi, Fausto Catena, Mansoor Khan, Salomone Di Saverio, Giampaolo Carrafiello and Rita Golfieri

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:123

    Content type: Review

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  32. High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) and noninvasive ventilation (NIV) have been used for the treatment of COPD and respiratory failure in clinical settings. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of HFNC ther...

    Authors: Zhiping Xu, Lingxia Zhu, Jingye Zhan and Lijun Liu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:122

    Content type: Research

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  33. Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) of bifurcation stenoses are both complex and challenging. Stenting strategies share that the stents’ side cells must be carefully explored and appropriately prepared u...

    Authors: Alper Öner, Paula Rosam, Finja Borowski, Niels Grabow, Stefan Siewert, Wolfram Schmidt, Klaus-Peter Schmitz and Michael Stiehm

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:121

    Content type: Research

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  34. Cases of acute sphenoid sinusitis complicated by septic cavernous sinus (CS) thrombosis and internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis are rarely reported. Different causative pathogens have been reported for this...

    Authors: Bo-An Chen, Zhuo-Hao Liu, Chi-Cheng Chuang and Cheng-Chi Lee

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:120

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  35. For a patient presenting with fever, multiple lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly, pathogen infection should be preferentially considered, followed by lymphoid malignancies. When traditional laboratory and pathol...

    Authors: Xiao Cui, Yongfeng Wu, Lin Jia, Jing Chang, Chuanyun Li, Caiping Guo, Tong Zhang, Yingmin Ma and Yulin Zhang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:119

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Large bone defects resulting from musculoskeletal tumours, infections, or trauma are often unable to heal spontaneously. The challenge for surgeons is to avoid amputation, and provide the best functional outco...

    Authors: Filippo Migliorini, Gerardo La Padula, Ernesto Torsiello, Filippo Spiezia, Francesco Oliva and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:118

    Content type: Review

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  37. Interleukin-6 receptor antagonists (IL-6RAs) and steroids are emerging immunomodulatory therapies for severe and critical coronavirus disease (COVID-19). In this preliminary report, we aim to describe the epid...

    Authors: Marwa Amer, Ahmed M. Kamel, Mohammed Bawazeer, Khalid Maghrabi, Abid Butt, Talal Dahhan, Eiad Kseibi, Syed Moazzum Khurshid, Mohammed Abujazar, Razan Alghunaim, Muath Rabee, Maal Abualkhair, Ali Al-Janoubi, Abeer Turki AlFirm, Ognjen Gajic, Allan J. Walkey…

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:117

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Pregnant women are at high risk for severe influenza. However, maternal influenza vaccination uptake in most World Health Organization (WHO) European Region countries remains low, despite the presence of wides...

    Authors: Gbadebo Collins Adeyanju, Elena Engel, Laura Koch, Tabea Ranzinger, Imtiaz Bin Mohammed Shahid, Micheal G. Head, Sarah Eitze and Cornelia Betsch

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:116

    Content type: Review

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  39. Fatty liver is one of the most common pre-existing illnesses; it can cause liver injury, leading to further complications in coronavirus disease 2019 patients. Our goal is to determine if pre-existing fatty li...

    Authors: Arash Ziaee, Ghodsiyeh Azarkar and Masood Ziaee

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:115

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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