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Table 4 Comparison by level of care (academic vs. non-academic clinic) in clinical practice and equipment used for resuscitation of VLBWI (absolute numbers and percent (%) in parenthesis)

From: Delivery room management of very low birth weight infants in Germany, Austria and Switzerland - a comparison of protocols

  Academic Hospital Non-Academic Hospital Differences between institutions
  N = 48 N = 142 p-value
Circulatory volume- and temperature control    
Late cord clamping 25/48 (52) 53/131 (41) 0.165
Polyethylen foil 30/48 (63) 87/139 (63) 0.991
Head cover 31/48 (65) 121/139 (87) < 0.001
Devices for pressure or volume control    
FI-bag 2/41 (5) 8/113 (7) 0.624
SI-bag 44/45 (98) 102/126 (81) 0.006
   with PEEP valve 32/44 (73) 90/127 (71) 0.814
   with manometer 6/43 (14) 31/116 (27) 0.091
Neopuff® 21/44 (48) 48/127 (38) 0.247
Respirator 15/44 (34) 57/127 (45) 0.212
Other pressure control devices 1/47 (2) 2/136 (1) 1.000
Devices without any pressure control 1/40 (3) 2/112 (2) 0.875
Devices with volume control (respirator) 12/48 (25) 46/135 (42) 0.042
O 2 -therapy and monitoring    
Pulse oximetry 48/48 (100) 136/138 (99) 1.000
O2-blenders 45/48 (94) 138/140 (99) 0.106
CO2-detectors 5/48 (10) 14/138 (10) 0.957
Gas heating and humidification 16/48 (33) 61/137 (45) 0.176
  1. FI-bag = flow-inflating bag
  2. Neopuff® = most commonly used T-piece resuscitator
  3. SI-bag = self-inflating bag
  4. PEEP = positive end expiratory pressure