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Table 1 Blood analysis (means ± SD) of the control group (n = 21; 7 male, 14 female) and the group taking micronutrients (n = 19; 5 male, 14 female), at baseline and after 3 months

From: The influence of micronutrients on oral and general health

  control group group taking micronutrients p-value
Parameter at baseline after 3 months at baseline after 3 months  
Zinc (μg/dl serum) 79.4 ± 13.9 82.8 ± 18.5 72.3 ± 12.5 90.2 ± 29.3 p = 0.13
CRP (mg/l serum) 2.4 ± 4.9 4.9 ± 10.8 3.3 ± 4.8 3.9 ± 9.4 p = 0.059
Cortisol (μ/dl serum) 19.5 ± 5.9 18.0 ± 5.8 18.9 ± 6.6 17.5 ± 8.9 p = 0.13
Homocysteine (μmol/l blood) 14.0 ± 2.8 11.3 ± 1.9 12.5 ± 3.1 9.8 ± 2.2 p = 0.85
Vitamin D (ng/ml serum) 15.7 ± 8.7 25.6 ± 10.2 17.2 ± 6.5 25.6 ± 6.2 p = 0.65
Vitamin C (mg/l plasma) 7.6 ± 2.8 9.0 ± 2.5 8.0 ± 2.2 11.3 ± 3.5 p = 0.49
Vitamin E (μg/ml serum) 15.5 ± 1.7 14.6 ± 2.2 14.6 ± 3.8 16.2 ± 3.3 p = 0.055
Malondialdehyde (μmol/l plasma) 5.5 ± 2.7 2.1 ± 0.5 5.7 ± 3.8 2.4 ± 0.8 p = 0.97
Triglycerides (m) (mg/dl serum) 117.4 ± 71.8 171.2 ± 85.8 141.4 ± 77.0 134.2 ± 103.9 p = 0.073
HDL (m) (mg/dl serum) 57.3 ± 13.7 52.4 ± 12.0 52.4 ± 11.2 52.2 ± 8.2 p = 0.53
LDL (m) (mg/dl serum) 108.4 ± 24.1 107.4 ± 20.3 137.4 ± 72.2 114.6 ± 58.7 p = 0.048*
Triglycerides (f) (mg/dl serum) 113.6 ± 38.9 105.3 ± 35.1 110.6 ± 55.7 102.0 ± 43.2 p = 0.45
HDL (f) (mg/dl serum) 71.1 ± 13.1 67.8 ± 13.8 72.2 ± 17.2 69.3 ± 11.3 p = 0.94
LDL (f) (mg/dl serum) 104.3 ± 22.1 94.5 ± 24.8 84.3 ± 18.1 78.3 ± 14.8 p = 0.21