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Table 1 Case histories of ten patients with combined CRVO and CRAO

From: Comorbidities in combined retinal artery and vein occlusions

Age of patients Diagnoses of systemic diseases (number of patients)
1. A 75-year-old male Immunocytoma (Waldenström’s disease); arterial hypertension (200/130 mmHg); hypercholesterolemia, adiposity
2. A 61-year-old male Pulmonary emphysema, cor pulmonale, tachycardia; + chronic bronchitis; hypercholesterolemia heart-echo: normal Doppler sonography: normal carotid arteries
3. A 70-year-old woman Arterial hypertension (200/100 mmHg); hypercholesterolemia, heart-echo: normal findings Doppler sonography: normal carotid arteries
4. A 62-year-old male Slightly increased blood pressure, slightly increased homocysteine, heart-echo: normal findings Doppler sonography: normal findings in carotid arteries
5. A 36-year-old woman Raynaud’s disease; autoimmune disease with evidence of serum antimitochondrial antibodies, tendency for arterial hypotension with occasional low blood pressure (90/60 mmHg); heart-echo normal findings Doppler sonography: normal carotid arteries
6. A 68-year-old male Metastatic prostate carcinoma, suspected paraneoplastic syndrome with hypercoagulation of blood; anemia (hemoglobin. 6.7 g/dl), diabetes mellitus; elevated ESR 74 mm (Westergren method); heart-echo: normal findings Doppler sonography: normal carotid arteries
7. A 53-year-old male Hyperhomocysteinemia, hyperuricemia, heart-echo: suspected diastolic relaxation disturbance, Parkinson’s disease, tendency to arterial hypotension, Doppler sonography: normal carotid arteries
8. A 72-year-old woman Bronchopneumonia, leukocytosis, severely elevated ESR. Doppler sonography: bilateral medium-sized carotid stenoses
9. A 68-year-old male Heterozygote factor-V mutation, venous thrombosis of the legs, coronary heart disease, arterial hypertension, small colon cancer, compensated renal insufficiency; heart-echo: normal findings
10. A 57-year-old woman Factor V Leiden mutation (heterozygotic); arterial hypertension, chronic smoker; recurrent thrombosis of the lower right leg, Doppler-sonography: normal
Mean age was of the 4 women and 6 men was 62 years (36–75 yeras) Coagulation disturbances: patients 4, 6, 7, 9, 10: 5 patients
Arterial hypertension: patients. 1, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10: 6 patients
Arterial hypotension tendency: patients 5, 7: 2 patients
Heart-echo: normal findings patients 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9: 6 patients. Suspected diastolic relaxation disturbance: patient 7: 1 patient
Doppler sonography: normal carotid artery findings patients: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10: 7 patients; 1 patient (no. 8) had bilateral medium-sized carotid stenoses
  1. Abbreviations: CRVO central retinal vein occlusion, CRAO central retinal artery occlusion, BRAO branch retinal artery occlusion, CWSs cotton-wool spots, RE right eye, LE left eye, Heart echo echocardiography, NLP no light perception.