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Table 5 Incidence of complications of patients among the anterior group, the posterior group, and the medial group

From: A comparative study on the validity and reliability of anterior, medial, and posterior approaches for internal fixation in the repair of fractures of the coronoid process of the ulna

Subjects The anterior group (n = 73) The medial group (n = 32) The posterior group (n = 42) p* p # p &
Plate fixation loosening 4 (5.41%) 5 (15.63%) 1 (2.38%) 0.109 < 0.001 < 0.001
Stiffness/instability of the elbow joint 8 (10.81%) 3 (9.38%) 0 (0%)
Heterotopic ossification 6 (8.11%) 6 (18.75%) 0 (0%)
Other complications 7 (9.46%) 3 (9.38%) 2 (4.76%)
Total 34.25% 53.13% 7.14%    
  1. n number
  2. * Comparison between the medial approach and anterior median approach groups; # comparison between the posterior approach and former median approach groups; & comparison between the posterior approach and medial approach groups