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Table 2 Haematological changes following SWL (n = 12)

From: Shock wave lithotripsy, for the treatment of kidney stones, results in changes to routine blood tests and novel biomarkers: a prospective clinical pilot-study

 Baseline30 min120 min240 minReference rangep valueStatistical test
White blood cells (× 109/L)5.7 (± 4.3/10.10)7.15 (± 5.2/11.4)*5.8 (± 5.10/14.2)8.0 (± 3.9
5.5/14.50)*
4.0–11.00.009Friedman
Neutrophils (× 109/L)3.6 (± 2.4/7.4)4.05 (± 2.9/8.60)3.8 (± 2.90/11.90)5.2 (± 3.4/11.2)*1.7–7.50.017Friedman
Lymphocytes (× 109/L)1.6(± 1.3/3.6)1.85 (± 1.3/3.1)1.50 (± 1.0/2.2)2.0 ± (1.0/3.0)1.0–4.50.063Friedman
Eosinophil (× 109/L)0.1 (± 0.05/0.4)0.1 (± 0.02/0.5)0.1 (± 0.03/0.2)0.1 (± 0.03/0.3)0.0–0.40.101Friedman
Basophils (× 109/L)0.025 (± 0.01/0.6)0.025 ± (0.01/0.6)0.02 (± 0.01/0.03)0.02 (± 0.01/0.07)0.0–0.10.041Friedman
Monocytes (× 109/L)0.5 (± 0.3/0.6)0.5 (± 0.4/0.8)0.4 (± 0.3/0.8)0.8 (± 0.5/1.0)*0.2–0.80.003Friedman
Haemoglobin (g/L)124.5 (± 123/152)117.5 (± 120/151)*124 (± 120/141)*120 ± (117/141)*M: 130–180
F: 115–165
0.002Friedman
Red blood cells (× 109/L)4.84 (± 4.3/5.51)4.74 (± 4.06/5.27)*4.62 (± 4.12/4.90)*4.74 (± 4.23/5.17)*M: 4.5–6.0
F: 3.8–5.5
0.001Friedman
Mean corpuscular haemoglobin (pg)28.83 (± 25.4/31.7)29.1 (± 26.6/32.4)*29.4 (± 28.7/32.4)*29.4 (± 27.7/32.1)27.0–32.00.047Friedman
Mean cell volume (fl)87.3 (± 32.0/106.6)87.9 (± 32.2/106.2)88.7 (± 79.6/106.4)88.7 (± 81.0/105.8)80.0–100.00.404Friedman
Packed cell volume (L/L)0.42 ± 0.030.41 ± 0.040.39 ± 0.020.41 ± 0.03M: 0.4–0.52
F: 0.37–0.47
0.002ANOVA
Mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (%)34.02 ± 1.6533.95 ± 1.2334.27 ± 1.1233.68 ± 0.8332–360.179ANOVA
  1. Statistical significance following post hoc analysis is represented when *p ≤ 0.05. (M, male; F, female)