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Table 5 Multivariable association between dietary patterns scores and spot urinary Na-to-K ratio

From: Urinary sodium-to-potassium ratio: a simple and useful indicator of diet quality in population-based studies

Dietary patterns scores Standardized β coefficient 95% confidence interval for β P value
Traditional dietary pattern
 Crude − 0.12 − 0.22, − 0.10 0.001
 Adjusteda − 0.14 − 0.24, − 0.11 0.001
Western dietary pattern
 Crude 0.06 0.02, 0.14 0.008
 Adjusteda 0.06 0.01, 0.16 0.021
DASH dietary score
 Crude − 0.11 − 0.05, − 0.02 0.001
 Adjusteda − 0.12 − 0.05, − 0.02 0.001
Mediterranean dietary score
 Crude − 0.06 − 0.08, − 0.01 0.013
 Adjusteda − 0.07 − 0.09, − 0.01 0.009
  1. Linear regression models were used
  2. aAdjusted for age, sex, body mass index, energy intake
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