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  1. Differential diagnosis of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) during the COVID-19 pandemic is difficult, due to similarities in clinical and radiological presentation between COVID-19 and other ILDs on the one h...

    Authors: Gaetano Zizzo, Stefano Caruso, Elisabetta Ricchiuti, Roberto Turato, Ilario Stefani and Antonino Mazzone
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:62
  2. The COVID-19 pandemic occurred and rapidly spread around the world. Some online dashboards have included essential features on a world map. However, only transforming data into visualizations for countries/reg...

    Authors: Daw-Hsin Yang, Tsair-Wei Chien, Yu-Tsen Yeh, Ting-Ya Yang, Willy Chou and Ju-Kuo Lin
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:61
  3. Listeriosis is one of the important emerging zoonotic disease affecting human health following the consumption of contaminated food of animal origin. It results in serious clinical complications in humans with...

    Authors: Kuma Diriba, Ephrem Awulachew and Kuma Diribsa
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:60
  4. Femoral neck shortening can occur in young patients receiving internal fixation for Pauwels type II femoral neck fracture. The risk factors for neck shortening, which can affect hip function, are not clear. Th...

    Authors: Fulong Zhao, Lijuan Guo, Xuefei Wang and Yakui Zhang
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:59
  5. To determine the role of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) imaging to guide stereotactic biopsy for the diagnosis of intracranial angiitis.

    Authors: Xu Su, Liang Han, Mengxing Li, Zhengming Wang, Jiadui Gao, Yu Tian and Chao Du
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:58
  6. Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease that causes serious public health problems. This study aimed to identify Brucella strains isolated from various clinical samples by conventional and molecular methods a...

    Authors: Esra Gültekin, Muhammet Hamidullah Uyanık, Ayşe Albayrak and Selçuk Kılıç
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:57
  7. Orthopaedic and trauma research is a gateway to better health and mobility, reflecting the ever-increasing and complex burden of musculoskeletal diseases and injuries in Germany, Europe and worldwide. Basic sc...

    Authors: Henning Madry, Susanne Grässel, Ulrich Nöth, Borna Relja, Anke Bernstein, Denitsa Docheva, Max Daniel Kauther, Jan Christoph Katthagen, Rainer Bader, Martijn van Griensven, Dieter C. Wirtz, Michael J. Raschke and Markus Huber-Lang
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:56
  8. Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is an emergent ophthalmic disease which is commonly caused by atherosclerosis, thromboembolism, and arteriospasm. Here, we report a case of CRAO which is caused by extre...

    Authors: Lanbing Zhu, Na Xu and Yan Li
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:55
  9. We are laryngologists. We observe natural phonatory and swallowing functions in clinical examinations with a trans-nasal laryngeal fiberscope (TNLF). Before each observation, we use epinephrine to enlarge and ...

    Authors: Koichi Tsunoda, Ko Hentona and Yoshiharu Yamanobe
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:52
  10. Coronavirus Disease-2019 (SARS-CoV-2) started its devastating trajectory into a global pandemic in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Ever since, several variants of SARS-CoV-2 have been identified. In the presen...

    Authors: SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Pegah Mirzapour, Omid Dadras, Zahra Pashaei, Amirali Karimi, Mehrzad MohsseniPour, Mahdi Soleymanzadeh, Alireza Barzegary, Amir Masoud Afsahi, Farzin Vahedi, Ahmadreza Shamsabadi, Farzane Behnezhad, Solmaz Saeidi, Esmaeil Mehraeen and Shayesteh Jahanfar
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:51
  11. This study is aimed to analyze the prognostic factors affecting the short-term efficacy of non-surgical treatment of patients in periodontitis from stage II to stage IV by the multilevel modeling analysis.

    Authors: Hui-Jie Liu, Bo Wang, Ao-Chen Wang, Dan-Hong Zhang, Cui Mao and Qiu-Hong Li
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:50
  12. Glomus tumor is an uncommon soft tissue tumor. However, as the tumor causes significant disability, its early diagnosis is essential. It involves subungual areas of fingers and toes in most cases, and its extr...

    Authors: Leila Oryadi Zanjani, Bahman Shafiee Nia, Farzad Vosoughi, Elham Mirzaian, Leila Aghaghazvini and Aidin Arabzadeh
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:49
  13. Pulmonary sequestration (PS) associated with massive hemoptysis, hemothorax, and elevated tumor markers or even lung malignancy has been reported in several studies. These clinical features combined with lung ...

    Authors: Wei Luo, Tong-chen Hu, Lincheng Luo and Ya-lun Li
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:48
  14. COVID-19 is a worldwide pandemic and has placed significant demand for acute and critical care services on hospitals in many countries.

    Authors: Saad Alhumaid, Abbas Al Mutair, Zainab Al Alawi, Khulud Al Salman, Nourah Al Dossary, Ahmed Omar, Mossa Alismail, Ali M. Al Ghazal, Mahdi Bu Jubarah, Hanan Al Shaikh, Maher M. Al Mahdi, Sarah Y. Alsabati, Dayas K. Philip, Mohammed Y. Alyousef, Abdulsatar H. Al Brahim, Maitham S. Al Athan…
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:47
  15. While COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread worldwide, researchers have linked patterns of traits to poor disease outcomes. Risk factors for COVID-19 include asthma, elderly age, being pregnant, having any und...

    Authors: SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Mohammad Mehrtak, Mehrzad MohsseniPour, Pegah Mirzapour, Alireza Barzegary, Pedram Habibi, Banafsheh Moradmand-Badie, Amir Masoud Afsahi, Amirali Karimi, Mohammad Heydari, Esmaeil Mehraeen, Omid Dadras, Jean-Marc Sabatier and Fabricio Voltarelli
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:46
  16. Hematological comparison of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and other viral pneumonias can provide insights into COVID-19 treatment.

    Authors: Bingke Bai, Zhe Xu, Yan Hu, Mengmeng Qu, Juan Cheng, Shengdong Luo, Zengtao Yao, Hongyan Gao, Yenv Ma, Rong Gao, Jun Hou, Shaojie Xin and Panyong Mao
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:45
  17. Tarlov cysts are a commonly misdiagnosed condition, which can present with many rare symptoms. We report a case of a Tarlov cyst with spermatorrhea and review the pertinent literature.

    Authors: Pan Sun, Wangbing Xu, Yongxiang Ye, Faming Zhong, Xuan Wan and Yong Li
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:44
  18. Degeneration of the intervertebral discs are very common diseases, indicating the specific or malignant changes in intervertebral disc component, structure and function. Imaging examination is currently used t...

    Authors: Tiefang Liu, Yonghao Wang, Zhengyang Xu, Tao Wu, Xiao Zang, Meng Li and Jinfeng Li
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:43
  19. Enchondromas originating in the epiphyses of long bones are rare and epiphyseal osteoid osteomas are also uncommon. Diagnosis can become elusive when enchondromas or osteoid osteomas occur in atypical location...

    Authors: Xuyang Cao, Qiang Ren, Xiangnan Li, Yiren Tian and Zhendong Wang
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:42

    The Correction to this article has been published in European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:53

  20. The clinical course of COVID-19 may vary significantly. The presence of comorbidities prolongs the recovery time. The recovery in patients with mild-to-moderate symptoms might take 10 days, while in those with...

    Authors: SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Ladan Abbasian, Mohammad Solduzian, Niloofar Ayoobi Yazdi, Fatemeh Jafari, Alireza Adibimehr, Aazam Farahani, Arezoo Salami Khaneshan, Parvaneh Ebrahimi Alavijeh, Zahra Jahani, Elnaz Karimian, Zahra Ahmadinejad, Hossein Khalili, Arash Seifi, Fereshteh Ghiasvand, Sara Ghaderkhani…
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:41
  21. The purpose of this article is to summarize the epidemiologic characteristics and double-buffered strategy for patients in orthopedic surgery during the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, China, based on our own expe...

    Authors: Yan Zhou, Jianghua Ming and Shiqing Liu
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:39
  22. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and the consecutive multiple organ failure (MOF) are severe and dreaded complications with a high mortality in multiple trauma patients. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Julian Haupt, Niels Krysiak, Marina Unger, Viktoria Bogner-Flatz, Peter Biberthaler, Marc Hanschen, Martijn van Griensven and Alexander T. Haug
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:38
  23. Due to limited antibiotic options, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections are associated with high non-relapse mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). ...

    Authors: Fengqin Su, Yi Luo, Jian Yu, Jimin Shi, Yanmin Zhao, Mengni Yan, He Huang and Yamin Tan
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:37
  24. Surgery-related loss of muscle quantity negatively affects postoperative outcomes. However, changes of muscle quality have not been fully investigated. A perioperative intervention targeting identified risk fa...

    Authors: Laura van Wijk, Stijn van Duinhoven, Mike S. L. Liem, Donald E. Bouman, Alain R. Viddeleer and Joost M. Klaase
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:36
  25. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and Injury Severity Score (ISS) are widely used to assess trauma patients. In this study, the interobserver variability of the injury severity assessment for severely injured...

    Authors: Eftychios Bolierakis, Sylvia Schick, Kai Sprengel, Kai Oliver Jensen, Frank Hildebrand, Hans-Christoph Pape and Roman Pfeifer
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:35
  26. Rosai–Dorfman–Destombes (RDD) is also known as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (SHML). It is a benign proliferative disorder of histiocytes, affecting lymph nodes, rarely with extra-nodal invo...

    Authors: Santosh Tummidi, Hemant Kumar Singh, Prudhvinath A Reddy, Manda Sindhura, Navya Kosaraju, Arundhathi Shankaralingappa and Naresh P Kumar
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:34
  27. In children, up to 30% of viral respiratory tract infections (RTIs) develop into bacterial complications associated with pneumonia, sinusitis or otitis media to trigger a tremendous need for antibiotics. This ...

    Authors: Mercedes Ogal, Sebastian L. Johnston, Peter Klein and Roland Schoop
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:33
  28. The aim of this study was to assess the treatment outcomes of multidrug and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (M/XDR-TB) in Zhejiang, China and to evaluate possible risk factors associated with poor outc...

    Authors: Ming-Wu Zhang, Lin Zhou, Yu Zhang, Bin Chen, Ying Peng, Fei Wang, Zheng-Wei Liu, Xiao-Meng Wang and Song-Hua Chen
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:31
  29. Despite modern advances in intensive care medicine and surgical techniques, mortality rates in cardiac surgical patients are still about 3%. Considerable efforts were made to predict morbidity and mortality af...

    Authors: Andreas Bauer, Insa Korten, Gerd Juchem, Isabel Kiesewetter, Erich Kilger and Jens Heyn
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:29
  30. AdipoR2, which belongs to the seven-transmembrane-domain receptor family, has been shown to play an important role in the development of human tumours, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In t...

    Authors: Chen Jie, Wang Xuan, Han-Dong Feng, Ding-Mao Hua, Wang Bo, Sun Fei and Zhang Hao
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:28
  31. Compliance with the surviving sepsis campaign (SSC) guidelines (Cssc) is a key factor affecting the effects of sepsis treatment. We designed this study to investigate the relationships of the structure indicators...

    Authors: Lu Wang, Xudong Ma, Huaiwu He, Longxiang Su, Yanhong Guo, Guangliang Shan, Xiang Zhou, Dawei Liu and Yun Long
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:27
  32. Inadequate activation of the innate immune system after trauma can lead to severe complications such as Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome. The spleen is thought to mod...

    Authors: Michel Paul Johan Teuben, Arne Hollman, Taco Blokhuis, Roman Pfeifer, Roy Spijkerman, Henrik Teuber, Hans-Christoph Pape and Luke Petrus Hendrikus Leenen
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:26
  33. The incidence of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is high, but there is still a lack of intra-operative preventive measures. This study aimed to evalu...

    Authors: Xinghui Liu, Rong Chen, Liangbo Jiang, Xiangwei Li and Zhibo Sun
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:24
  34. Lung cancer is the fourth most common form of the tumor spreading to the bone. Among all patients of lung carcinoma, the most common sites of bone metastasis are vertebrae, ribs, and pelvis. By comparison, the...

    Authors: Karl Wu and Yu-Hao Huang
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:23
  35. Citation analysis has been increasingly applied to assess the quantity and quality of scientific research in various fields worldwide. However, these analyses on spinal surgery do not provide visualization of ...

    Authors: Po-Hsin Chou, Yu-Tsen Yeh, Wei-Chih Kan, Tsair-Wei Chien and Shu-Chun Kuo
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:22
  36. Clubfeet and constriction band syndrome is a very rare non-idiopathic condition. Treatment is often difficult and the recurrence deformity rate is high. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectivenes...

    Authors: Bujar Shabani, Dafina Bytyqi and Cen Bytyqi
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:21
  37. Vitamin C is an essential water-soluble nutrient that functions as a key antioxidant and has been proven to be effective for boosting immunity. In this study, we aimed to assess the efficacy of adding high-dos...

    Authors: Saeidreza JamaliMoghadamSiahkali, Besharat Zarezade, Sogol Koolaji, SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Abolfazl Zendehdel, Mohammad Tabarestani, Ehsan Sekhavati Moghadam, Ladan Abbasian, Seyed Ali Dehghan Manshadi, Mohamadreza Salehi, Malihe Hasannezhad, Sara Ghaderkhani, Mohsen Meidani, Faeze Salahshour, Fatemeh Jafari, Navid Manafi…
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:20
  38. Diaphragmatic lesions as a result of blunt or penetrating trauma are challenging to detect in the initial trauma setting. This is especially true when diaphragmatic trauma is part of a polytrauma. Complication...

    Authors: Morris Beshay, Martin Krüger, Kashika Singh, Rainer Borgstedt, Tahar Benhidjeb, Edwin Bölke, Thomas Vordemvenne and Jan Schulte am Esch
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:19
  39. Patients with severe COVID-19 have disorders of the respiratory, cardiovascular, coagulation, skeletal muscle, and central nervous systems. These systemic failures may be associated with cytokine release syndr...

    Authors: Nobutaka Chiba, Masakazu Matsuzaki, Takayuki Mawatari, Minori Mizuochi, Atsushi Sakurai and Kosaku Kinoshita
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:18
  40. Ultrasonic measurement has not been utilized to assess the functional recovery of transplanted muscle. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of using B-ultrasound measurement to assess muscle recover...

    Authors: Yi Hou, Jiantao Yang, Bengang Qin, Liqiang Gu and Jia Zheng
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:17
  41. Hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) improves the quality of donor livers for transplantation, both in animal models and in clinical practice. Treatment with SP600125, an inhibitor of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (J...

    Authors: Yijie Zhang, Qi Pan, Ying Cheng and Yongfeng Liu
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:15
  42. Absence of cortical alignment in wedge-shaped and multifragmentary fractures (Fx) results in decreased fixation stability. The aim of this study was to compare the outcome using 2.0- vs. 3.5-mm screws for open...

    Authors: M. Wurm, M. Zyskowski, F. Greve, A. Gersing, P. Biberthaler and C. Kirchhoff
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:14
  43. Here, we report an atypical HIV-vacuolar myelopathy and search the available medical literature about atypical presentations of human immunodeficiency virus associate vacuolar myelopathy (HIV-VM) and immunoglo...

    Authors: Tau Mongezi, Joseph Sibi, George Jerry, Ibañez-Valdés Lourdes de Fátima, Dubula Tozama and Foyaca Sibat Humberto
    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:13

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