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  1. More and more studies have confirmed that miRNAs play an important role in maintaining bone remodeling and bone metabolism. This study investigated the expression level of miR-206 in the serum of osteoporosis ...

    Authors: Zhiyuan Lu, Dawei Wang, Xuming Wang, Jilong Zou, Jiabing Sun and Zhenggang Bi

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The aim of this study was to detect the expression of interleukin (IL)-1β and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 in the colonic tissue and serum of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) rats, as well as the distribu...

    Authors: Guanqun Chao, Zhaojun Wang, Xinli Chen and Shuo Zhang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:7

    Content type: Research

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  3. Rodent models of liver resection have been used to investigate and evaluate the liver’s complex physiology and pathology since 1931. First documented by Higgins and Anderson, such models were created to unders...

    Authors: Can Kamali, Kaan Kamali, Philipp Brunnbauer, Katrin Splith, Johann Pratschke, Moritz Schmelzle and Felix Krenzien

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:6

    Content type: Review

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  4. Unproven stem cell treatments may involve serious health, personal, and financial considerations. Due to worldwide spread, illegal stem cell therapies have become a major public health problem. We have already...

    Authors: Željka Večerić-Haler, Špela Borštnar, Boštjan Luzar, Maja Jerše and Nika Kojc

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:5

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Current evidence regarding the prognostic relevance of urinary sodium-to-potassium ratio (Na-to-K ratio), as an indicator of diet quality is limited. This study was conducted to investigate whether urinary Na-...

    Authors: Parvin Mirmiran, Zahra Gaeini, Zahra Bahadoran, Asghar Ghasemi, Reza Norouzirad, Maryam Tohidi and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:3

    Content type: Research

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  6. Despite the significant reductions in under-five mortality, campylobacteriosis has emerged as one of the most common causative agents of bacterial foodborne gastroenteritis in humans. We performed this systema...

    Authors: Kuma Diriba, Ephrem Awulachew and Asrat Anja

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2021 26:2

    Content type: Review

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  7. Critical-sized bone defects, mainly from trauma, infection or tumor resection are a challenging condition, often resulting in prolonged, complicated course of treatment. Autografts are considered as the gold s...

    Authors: Philipp Kobbe, Markus Laubach, Dietmar W. Hutmacher, Hatem Alabdulrahman, Richard M. Sellei and Frank Hildebrand

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:70

    Content type: Case report

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  8. The success of conversion total hip arthroplasty (THA) among primary THA and revision THA remains unclear. We hypothesized that most conversion THA’s can be performed using primary implants and will have an un...

    Authors: Soufiane Aharram, Mounir Yahyaoui, Jawad Amghar, Abdelkarim Daoudi and Omar Agoumi

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:69

    Content type: Research

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  9. The number of patients undergoing flexible ureterenoscopy (FURS) for the treatment of kidney stones (renal calculi) is increasing annually, and as such the development of post-operative complications, such as ...

    Authors: Stephen Fôn Hughes, Alyson Jayne Moyes, Rebecca May Lamb, Peter Ella-tongwiis, Nana Yaa Frempomaa Snyper and Iqbal Shergill

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:68

    Content type: Research

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  10. The recently described ‘critical trochanter angle’ (CTA) is a novel parameter in the preoperative risk assessment of stem malalignment in total hip arthroplasty. As its reproducibility needs to be evaluated, t...

    Authors: Sebastian Serong, Moritz Schutzbach, Ivica Zovko, Marcus Jäger, Stefan Landgraeber and Marcel Haversath

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:67

    Content type: Research

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  11. Although distal radius fractures (DRFs) are clinically common, intra-articular DRFs accompanied by dorsally displaced free fragments are much less so. At present, it is very difficult to fix and stabilize the ...

    Authors: Zhaofeng Jia, Shijin Wang, Wei Jiang, Chuangli Li, Jiandong Lin, Qisong Liu, Guangheng Li and Xinjia Hu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:66

    Content type: Research

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  12. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem worldwide. Even in highly prevalent countries, primary gastroduodenal tuberculosis is a rare manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. In recent years, as the in...

    Authors: Yuanhua Li, Suhuan Liao, Haijun Zuo, Wei Yang and Di Jiang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:65

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Obesity has been widely reported to be associated with the disease progression of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19); however, some studies have reported different findings. We conducted a systematic review a...

    Authors: Yanan Chu, Jinxiu Yang, Jiaran Shi, Pingping Zhang and Xingxiang Wang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:64

    Content type: Review

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  14. Local tissue damage caused by electrical burns is often deep and severe. High-voltage electrical burns are common in the head, neck and torso areas. These are mostly caused by direct contact with the power sup...

    Authors: Chengying Meng, Yuyao Liu, Huan Wang, Youjun Sun, Shiping Lu, Yan Zhou, Jiayan Hu, Youxin Yu, Linsen Fang, Yexiang Sun and Delin Hu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:63

    Content type: Case report

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  15. In the stabilization of femoral fractures in mono- and polytrauma, clinical practice has shown better care through intramedullary nailing. However, the reason why this is the case is not fully understood. In a...

    Authors: Johannes Greven, Klemens Horst, Zhi Qiao, Felix Marius Bläsius, Ümit Mert, Michel Paul Johan Teuben, Nils Hendrik Becker, Roman Pfeifer, Hans-Christoph Pape and Frank Hildebrand

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:62

    Content type: Research

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  16. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2) emerged from China in December 2019 and has presented as a substantial and serious threat to global health. We aimed to describe the clinical, epide...

    Authors: Abbas Al Mutair, Saad Alhumaid, Waad N. Alhuqbani, Abdul Rehman Z. Zaidi, Safug Alkoraisi, Maha F. Al-Subaie, Alanoud M. AlHindi, Ahmed K. Abogosh, Aljwhara K. Alrasheed, Aya A. Alsharafi, Mohammed N. Alhuqbani, Njoud A. Alhowar, Samer Salih, Mogbil A. Alhedaithy, Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq, Haifa Al-Shammari…

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:61

    Content type: Research

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  17. Hyaluronic acid (hyaluronan; HA) is an essential component of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the skin. The HA-degrading enzyme hyaluronidase (HYAL) is critically involved in the HA-metabolism. Yet, only lit...

    Authors: Bettina Alexandra Buhren, Holger Schrumpf, Katharina Gorges, Oliver Reiners, Edwin Bölke, Jens W. Fischer, Bernhard Homey and Peter Arne Gerber

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:60

    Content type: Research

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  18. Dosing recommendations for the treatment of pregnancy-acquired toxoplasmosis are empirical and widely based on experimental data. There are no pharmacological data on pregnant women with acute Toxoplasma gondii i...

    Authors: Ingrid Reiter-Owona, Harald Hlobil, Martin Enders, Ute Klarmann-Schulz, Barbara Gruetzmacher, Veronika Rilling, Achim Hoerauf and Justus G. Garweg

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:59

    Content type: Research

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  19. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Kai Xia, Wentian Sun, Liyuan Yu, Xinqi Huang, Zhihe Zhao and Jun Liu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:58

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:50

  20. This article reports a patient who survived severe pneumonia, pyopneumothorax with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and septic shock, which is very difficult to treat.

    Authors: Xi Wang, Jian Lan, Ruijie Zhang and Xiaoqing Luo

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:57

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  21. This study aimed to assess the impact of 15 days before, 15 days during, and 15 days after the lockdown on the trends in the prevalence and mortality in 27 countries during COVID-19 pandemic.

    Authors: Sultan Ayoub Meo, Abdulelah Adnan Abukhalaf, Ali Abdullah Alomar, Faris Jamal AlMutairi, Adnan Mahmood Usmani and David C. Klonoff

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:56

    Content type: Research

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  22. Chylothorax is a rare complication of pediatric cardiac operations that occurs more frequently in children with Noonan syndrome, a genetic disorder associated with cardiac defects and lymphatic anomalies.

    Authors: Kay T. Pham, Duraisamy Balaguru, Varaha S. Tammisetti, Carlos J. Guevara, John C. Rasmussen, Rodrick C. Zvavanjanja, Robert Hanfland, Eva M. Sevick-Muraca and Melissa B. Aldrich

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:55

    Content type: Case report

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  23. The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is leading to a worldwide pandemic. Except representative manifestation of pne...

    Authors: Zeng-hong Wu and Dong‑liang Yang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:54

    Content type: Research

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  24. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Johannes C. Fischer, Kurt Zänker, Martijn van Griensven, Marion Schneider, Detlef Kindgen-Milles, Wolfram Trudo Knoefel, Artur Lichtenberg, Balint Tamaskovics, Freddy Joel Djiepmo-Njanang, Wilfried Budach, Stefanie Corradini, Ute Ganswindt, Dieter Häussinger, Torsten Feldt, Hubert Schelzig, Hans Bojar…

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:53

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:16

  25. Periprosthetic fibroblast-like cells (PPFs) play an important role in aseptic loosening of arthroplasties. Various studies have examined PPF behavior in monolayer culture systems. However, the periprosthetic t...

    Authors: Eliza S. Hartmann, Sabine Schluessel, Miriam I. Köhler, Felicitas Beck, Julia I. Redeker, Burkhard Summer, Veronika Schönitzer, Andreas Fottner and Susanne Mayer-Wagner

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:52

    Content type: Research

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  26. The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME)-mediated low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound on mature and stable Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) biofilms u...

    Authors: Tao Wang, Wei Ma, Zhinan Jiang and Liangjia Bi

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:51

    Content type: Research

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  27. Mandibular deviations are common clinical complaints. The orthodontic or orthognathic treatment of mandibular deviations is tricky because a comprehensive diagnosis, especially a functional one, is difficult t...

    Authors: Kai Xia, Wentian Sun, Liyuan Yu, Xinqi Huang, Zhihe Zhao and Jun Liu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:50

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:58

  28. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has brought a global disaster. Quantitative lesions may provide the radiological evidence of the severity of pneumonia and further to assess the effect of comorbidity on...

    Authors: Cui Zhang, Guangzhao Yang, Chunxian Cai, Zhihua Xu, Hai Wu, Youmin Guo, Zongyu Xie, Hengfeng Shi, Guohua Cheng and Jian Wang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:49

    Content type: Research

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  29. Coagulase-negative staphylococcus (CoNS) is considered to be the major reservoirs for genes facilitating the evolution of S. aureus as a successful pathogen. The present study aimed to determine the occurrence of...

    Authors: Mona Nasaj, Zahra Saeidi, Hamed Tahmasebi, Sanaz Dehbashi and Mohammad Reza Arabestani

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:48

    Content type: Research

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  30. Heart failure is a syndrome with increasing prevalence in concordance with the aging population and better survival rates from myocardial infarction. Morbidity and mortality are high in chronic heart failure p...

    Authors: Thomas Vollmert, Martin Hellmich, Natig Gassanov, Fikret Er, Seyrani Yücel, Erland Erdmann and Evren Caglayan

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:47

    Content type: Research

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  31. Emerging evidence indicates that an elevated C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR) may be associated with a poor prognosis in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Further evidence showing that this rat...

    Authors: Laura van Wijk, Guus W. de Klein, Matthijs A. Kanters, Gijs A. Patijn and Joost M. Klaase

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:46

    Content type: Research

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  32. Almost all epidemiological studies over the past 40 years have determined that the incidence of fragility fractures is increasing. Therefore, the assessment of postural stability and monitoring any progress du...

    Authors: Ben Rohof, Marcel Betsch, Björn Rath, Markus Tingart and Valentin Quack

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:44

    Content type: Research

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  33. Hepatic fibrosis (HF), which is characterized by the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) in the liver, usually progresses to liver cirrhosis and then death. To screen differentially expressed ...

    Authors: Furong Wu, Lijuan Ning, Ran Zhou and Aizong Shen

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:43

    Content type: Research

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  34. Coronavirus is challenging the global health care system from time to time. The pregnant state, with alterations in hormone levels and decreased lung volumes due to a gravid uterus and slightly immunocompromis...

    Authors: Kuma Diriba, Ephrem Awulachew and Eyob Getu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:39

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  35. The application of nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide 66(n-HA/PA66) struts has become reliable in anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) as a source of sufficient segmental stability. This was a retrospecti...

    Authors: Weiyang Zhong, Xinjie Liang, Xiaoji Luo, Zhengxue Quan and Dianming Jiang

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:38

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. COVID-19 is characterized by fast deterioration in the mechanism of cytokine storm. Therefore, treatment with immunomodulating agents should be initiated as soon as hyperinflammation is established. Evidence f...

    Authors: Regina B. Podlasin, Justyna D. Kowalska, Andrzej Pihowicz, Beata Wojtycha-Kwaśnica, Magdalena Thompson, Tomasz Dyda, Hanna Czeszko-Paprocka and Andrzej Horban

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:37

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) has been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of acute osteoporotic vertebral fracture (AOVF). However, bilateral puncture takes more time to accept more X-ray irradi...

    Authors: Yuwei Li, Wei Cui, Peng Zhou, Cheng Li, Yan Wen and Wei Xiao

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:36

    Content type: Research

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  38. The aim of this study was to compare tracheal intubation performance regarding the time to intubation, glottic view, difficulty, and dental click, by novices using McGrath videolaryngoscope (VL), Pentax Airway...

    Authors: In Kyong Yi, Hyun Jeong Kwak, Kyung Cheon Lee, Ji Hyea Lee, Sang Kee Min and Jong Yeop Kim

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:35

    Content type: Research

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  39. Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a serious complication of orthopedic implant surgery. Treatment often includes the use of an antibiotic-loaded Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) bone cement spacer. Several ant...

    Authors: Matthias Schmid, Oliver Steiner, Lisa Fasshold, Walter Goessler, Anna-Maria Holl and Klaus-Dieter Kühn

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:34

    Content type: Research

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  40. Safe diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is of utmost importance for successful exchange arthroplasty. However, current diagnostic tools show insufficient accuracy in the clinically common and ch...

    Authors: Ingo J. Banke, Niko Stade, Peter M. Prodinger, Jutta Tübel, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Rüdiger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Martijn van Griensven, Hans Gollwitzer and Rainer Burgkart

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:33

    Content type: Research

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  41. The German government has made it mandatory to wear respiratory masks covering mouth and nose (MNC) as an effective strategy to fight SARS-CoV-2 infections. In many countries, this directive has been extended ...

    Authors: Christiane Matuschek, Friedrich Moll, Heiner Fangerau, Johannes C. Fischer, Kurt Zänker, Martijn van Griensven, Marion Schneider, Detlef Kindgen-Milles, Wolfram Trudo Knoefel, Artur Lichtenberg, Balint Tamaskovics, Freddy Joel Djiepmo-Njanang, Wilfried Budach, Stefanie Corradini, Dieter Häussinger, Torsten Feldt…

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:32

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  42. As the world population ages, the number of hip-related fractures in the elderly is steadily increasing. These fractures generate a major worldwide healthcare problem and frequently lead to deterioration of li...

    Authors: Daniel Pfeufer, Christian Kammerlander, Christian Stadler, Tobias Roth, Michael Blauth, Carl Neuerburg, Wolfgang Böcker, Christian Zeckey, Monika Lechleitner and Markus Gosch

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:31

    Content type: Research

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  43. More severe cases of COVID- 19 are more likely to be hospitalized and around one-fifth, needing ICU admission. Understanding the common laboratory features of COVID-19 in more severe cases versus non-severe pa...

    Authors: Sulmaz Ghahramani, Reza Tabrizi, Kamran B. Lankarani, Seyyed Mohammad Amin Kashani, Shahla Rezaei, Nazanin Zeidi, Maryam Akbari, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Hamed Akbari, Peyman Nowrouzi-Sohrabi and Fariba Ahmadizar

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:30

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  44. Electroacupuncture is well known for its advantageous neuroanalgesic and therapeutic effects on myocardial ischemia–reperfusion injury. The purpose of the present research was to verify whether electroacupunct...

    Authors: Chunai Wang, Xi Liang, Yan Yu, Yulan Li, Xiaohui Wen and Min Liu

    Citation: European Journal of Medical Research 2020 25:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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